main task of theology is an interpretation of the Scriptures, proof of the existence of God and the formulation of the dogmas of the Church.Simultaneously, developing logic, developed the concept of personality and the dispute about the priority of the common and the individual.
In the philosophy of the Middle Ages are two main stages of its formation - patristic and scholastic.Patristic period covered IV-VIII centuries., And scholasticism - VI-XV centuries.
What is meant by terms such as patristic and scholastic?What is the difference?To draw a clear line between them is quite difficult.
Patristics - a system of philosophical and theoretical views of thinkers religion, the "fathers" of the church.Translated from Latin, «pater» - «father».This line of Christian philosophy, whose main purpose is the statement, justification and proof of the power of faith.Patristic period is divided into two main areas: Greek and Roman.Each of them has its own features and development time.
most characteristic is the development of patristic dogma of Christianity and philosophy, on the development of which is influenced by the ideas of Plato.Medieval patristic covers such issues: the relationship between faith and reason, the essence of God, human freedom, etc.
In the Middle Ages are beginning to create a variety of schools and universities.The latter had four faculties: philosophical, theological, medical and legal.The main role in the formation of their representatives played theology.It is concentrated around the university scholasticism.
Scholastica - a philosophical direction of the Middle Ages, which was synthesized Christian theology and Aristotelian logic.The main task of this line was the justification of faith through reason.In other words, the rational justification of faith in God and Christian teaching.
Scholastica was designed to teach the basic tenets and principles of Christianity.These dogmas find their origins in the patristic.Patristic and scholastic - two exercises that complement each other and rooted.They were based on certain values, principles, a symbolism.According to philosophers, scholastic continues patristic.At the same time, a new trend has been associated with the philosophy of Platonism and Aristotle.
One of the central figures of the scholastics was Thomas Aquinas.He opposed the common position in the theology of the opposition of nature and spirit.According to Thomas, it is necessary to study the whole person - in the unity of body and soul.
Turning to the sources, it is possible to say that man is a step in the ladder of the universe.It can not be divided into body and soul.It should be seen as a whole and the creation of God.Patristic and scholastic equally say that a person chooses a particular way of life, in favor of light or darkness.Man must choose good, renouncing all evil and the devil.
philosophical views patristic and scholastic are an important part of the overall philosophy.These trends highlight the ideas of Christianity in medieval Europe.This period of history was marked by the establishment of the relationship between philosophy, patristic and scholastic.