Idyll - a certain poetic genre, which is characterized by a steady theme in particular idealized description of reality, where feelings, norms and customs are closest to the true nature of people.With the Greek term translated as "song" or "image".This genre, although he has a steady theme, is very diverse.
He was born, mainly due to the ideological struggle against the feudal-aristocratic culture and bourgeois-urban groups.While the reality is changing rapidly.As more people moved from villages to cities.The structure of the life and thinking was complicated, and it could not but cause a corresponding reaction of some groups.
Idyll - a return to the genuine naturalness.Proponents of this genre argue for maximum simplicity, for the revival of the old life, where nature and people are inextricably linked, and in harmony with each other.The stability of such subjects as an idyll, indestructibility and unchanging due to certain socio-psychological processes that occur under certain social conditions.
urgency to whether this genre today?Of course.However, it is significantly altered.For a classical characteristic of synthetic natural idyll.It simple workers, lower middle class people, speak a refined language, surprise your educational level.Some texts praising simple village life, contain elements of the court of reality.Classical idyll - a highly embellished being, where there is no place to realism.The village life is presented here as an eternal feast, where labor and other hardships replaced contemplation of nature and the elusive harmony.
However, despite all the shortcomings of the genre, it was extremely popular among all sections of people.Books written in the subject, attracted the attention of even those against whom they were directed.For instance, at the court of Marie Antoinette it was extremely urgent imitation of village life and a great closeness to nature.
In the 18th century petty and middle bourgeoisie begins to deal with makes it natural idyll.At that time, the genre has undergone some changes, becoming more realistic.New idyll - a utopian chanting bourgeois life, where fidelity to simplicity and closeness to nature intertwined with hatred for the class struggle and the turmoil inherent in the capitalist city.Genre era of the industrial revolution is permeated by romanticism.For him the peculiar story, in which the protagonist gets tired of cruelty and deceit of big cities, and went in any further country in which embodied the idea of a utopian idyll.
Once this genre was popular and Russian writers, mostly of noble origin.However, he often wore imitative.Soon idyll began to lose its relevance.This happened mainly because of the awareness of the enormous difference between the simple peasants and the petty bourgeoisie.In the 19th century it may be noted isolated cases of the creation of works in this genre.
As already mentioned, the idyll (Dictionary gives this definition) is characterized by a great variety of forms.The works in this genre were written in verse and in prose, and sometimes a mixture of both.The distinctive properties of the subject are: familiarity vocabulary, simple plot, calm tone of the narrative, a happy ending, folklore material.An important place in the structure of the genre takes a family idyll, sung a variety of writers.The size of the works written in this category can range from a small poem to the bulk of the story.