Nowadays quite common to hear arguments concerning the information society and the so-called information revolution.Interest in this subject is due to the significant changes that occur almost daily in the life of every human being and the world community as a whole.
What is the information revolution?
In the development of human civilization has been a number of information revolution, as a result of which the society is a qualitative transformation that improve the quality of life and culture of people.In the most general sense of the information revolution - a substantial improvement in social relations because of radical changes in the field of data collection and processing.It is well known that the information provokes change and is of great importance for social development.Everyone, according to their personal growth is facing something new and unknown to himself before.This provokes a sense of uncertainty and even fear.The desire to get rid of that feeling of pushing to action aimed at finding new information.
amount of information is constantly growing, and at some point ceased to fulfill the bandwidth of communication, which entails the information revolution.Thus, the information revolution - a qualitative leap with respect to data processing methods.Fairly widespread to date received and the definition given AI Rakitovo.According to the scientist, the information revolution - the increase in volume and change in tools and methods for collecting, processing, storing and transmitting information that is available to the public.
General characteristic of the first information revolution
first information revolution began simultaneously with the spontaneous appearance of the human articulate speech, that is, language.The emergence of speech - it is a necessity due to the collective form of organization of joint life and employment, development and the very existence of which is impossible without an adequate exchange of information between individuals.Lang had a big impact on the consciousness of the people and their understanding of the world.Knowledge is gradually accumulated and passed down from generation to generation through the many legends, tales and myths.For the primitive societies were characterized by "real knowledge."Their carriers, custodians and distributors were shamans, elders and priests, after his death that some of the knowledge lost, and in their re-shaping sometimes took more than one century.
first information revolution has exhausted its potential and meet the requirements of stopped time.That is why at a certain moment came the realization that it is necessary to create some aids that would preserve the knowledge in time and space.Such funds was further documenting data.
distinctive features of the second information revolution
second information revolution began around 5000 years ago, when in Egypt and Mesopotamia, and then to China and Central America there was writing.Initially, people have learned to fix their knowledge in the form of drawings."Hieroglyphs" was called pictographs.The icons (pictures) were deposited on the walls of caves or on the rocks, and portrayed aspects of hunting, war scenes, love letters, and so on. D. Because the pictographic letter does not require special awareness and ownership of a specific language, it was understandable for each person, andIt survived to this day.
With the advent of writing and evolved.Management of the country can not be imagined without an orderly written documentation, which is necessary to secure the order within the state as well as for the conclusion of political, trade and other types of agreements with its neighbors.For these rather complex actions hieroglyphs enough.Gradually, icons began to replace conventional signs and graphics, drawings disappeared, and an increasingly complex.The number of literate people has grown, especially after the invention of alphabetic writing and the appearance of the first book.Written information is significantly accelerated the consolidation of the process of exchange of experiences and social development of society and state.
value of the third information revolution
third information revolution refers to the Renaissance.Most scientists link it back to the invention of the printing press.The appearance of this innovation is a credit to the German Johann Gutenberg.The invention of printing has made significant changes in the socio-political, economic, historical and cultural life of the population.Throughout opened printing and bookselling agencies, print newspapers, music, magazines, books, maps, based institutions, which taught not only the theology but also such secular subjects as mathematics, law, medicine, philosophy, and so on. D. The industrial revolution,occurred in the XVIII century, it would have been impossible without his prior information revolution.
fourth information revolution
It began in the XIX century, during the invention and wide distribution of information fundamentally new means of communication such as telephone, radio, photography, television, sound recording.These innovations have allowed a lot of people at a distance of thousands of kilometers from each other, to exchange voice messages with lightning speed.A new phase of development of the society, since the emergence of technological innovation always associated with economic growth and rising standards of living and culture.
fifth information revolution
Many scientists considered the fourth and fifth stages are not individually but collectively.They believe that it is the successive stages of the information revolution, which continues today.Achievements of the past, not only were not destroyed, but also continue their development, changing and incorporating new technologies.Since the 50-ies of XX century in their practice people began to use digital computing.The process of the information revolution becomes truly global, affecting each person individually and the international community as a whole.The widespread implementation and use of computer technology has provoked a real information boom.The information revolution - is a step in the bright, beautiful and successful future.
Alternative periodization of the information revolution
there are other options periodization of the information revolution.The most well-known concepts belong Toffler and David Bell.According to the first of them, in the process of development of a society can be divided into three waves: agrarian, industrial and information, which is based on knowledge.D. Bell also identifies three rather than five periods.According to the scientist, the first information revolution occurred about 200 years ago, invented the steam engine, the second - about 100 years ago when they were recorded stunning successes in the field of energy and chemistry, and the third refers to the present.He argues that today humanity is experiencing a technological revolution, which occupy a special place information and high-quality information technology.
value of the information revolution
these days continues to unfold, and to improve the process of informatization of society.Modern information revolution has a tremendous impact on the life of society, changing the behavior patterns of people, their way of thinking and culture.Do not stop to develop cross-border global information and communication networks, which cover all the continents of the Earth and penetrate into the house almost everyone.Thanks to the information revolution, to know humanity, today has become the ability to integrate all existing in the world of software and hardware into a single information space, which act as legal entities and individuals, as well as local and central government authorities.