History Kazan Khanate

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Education Kazan Khanate began in 1438 when he finally broke the Golden Horde.It became the capital of Kazan and the first ruler - Ulug-Mohammed.The territory of the Khanate stretched from the river to the Sura River and White from the Upper Kama region to the Samara Bend.

Kazan Khanate consisted of four main districts, Daruga: Alat, Arsk, Galitsky and Zyureyskogo.From Daruga uluses allocated to each of which consists of several settlements.On the territory of the khanate lived Turkic-speaking and Finno-Ugric peoples.The population called itself Kazanly.Their religion was Islam.

most respected estates traditionally considered nobility and clergy.The most important of these persons were members of a single authority - a sofa.To treat the Oglala warrior class and the Cossacks.Ogle is the commander of cavalry troops and Cossacks - ordinary soldiers.

For unprivileged estates concerned merchants, peasants, craftsmen and a civilian employee.They were required to pay certain taxes: tribute (10% of revenue), clan (rents), kulush, Salyga, Bacs, kultyka, fat-kharaj (rural tax) kharaj haradzhat (trade tax), susun (food file)tyutynsyany (tax on each pipe), gulyufe (fodder), wait.

on lands Khanate of Kazan flourished serfdom and slavery.Serfs (Kishi) worked for the landowners.A similar operation was carried out and the slaves of war.After 6 years of a servant I received freedom, but still had no right to leave the country.

head of state was called "han-Chingizid."His advisers, emirs, is also commander.Often Khan Chingizid only formally ruled the country, but in fact he was totally dependent on the sofa.Positions in Divan handed down and is life.In exceptional circumstances convened Kurultai, which was attended by representatives of the three at once the most important segments of the population: the army, the clergy and the farmers.

Residents of the Kazakh Khanate rye, barley, spelled and oats.There was also the development of hunting, beekeeping, fishing, beekeeping, Tanning.

no less importance was the trade.Outside was more developed than the interior, such as the Khanate of Kazan had trade relations with Russia, Persia and Turkestan.A special place in the state's economy took slave.Slaves usually became numerous prisoners.

in Kazan Khanate povsmestno dominated Islam.Clergy led by Seid, who was a direct descendant of the Prophet Muhammad.Also, the clergy persons considered sheikhs, imams, mullahs, Danishmend, dervishes, and Haji Hafiz.Also in the Khanate of Islam it was distributed Sufism, who came from Turkestan.

main and most abundant species of the Kazan Khanate troops were numerous cavalry.Infantry and artillery were also present, but they were few and relatively insignificant compared with the cavalry.

As for the offensive of the war the army of the Kazan Khanate was not big enough, Kazan led the defensive tactics of war, periodically raiding the area, owned by the Russian princes.

in 1467 Russian troops organized a campaign against the Kazan Khanate with a view to sit on the throne of a man loyal to the Moscow principality.Then in the 80s of the 15th century Russian government regularly intervened in the struggle for the throne of the Khanate.The result of this confrontation was the capture of the Kazan Khanate in 1487 the Moscow troops and the occupation of Kazan throne obedient to Moscow, Khan Mohammed Amin.In 1552, Ivan IV's army stormed Kazan, which resulted in the annexation of the Khanate of Kazan to the Moscow principality.After this event, the Kazan Khanate as an independent state ceased to exist.