Periodization of history

periodization of world history is of several types.There are common division, which is based on all the nations of the world - this is called the classical periodization.It is isolated such periods: prehistoric, ancient, medieval, early modern times, modern times and modern.

prehistoric period called primitive times, the study of history which is difficult due to the lack of written sources.Any research are based on the found artifacts that archaeologists during excavations show.Helps to explore this period of such related sciences as ethnology, biology, paleontology, geology, palynology, anthropology and archaeoastronomy.So we began to call this period in the nineteenth century, when interest in the study of history up to the professional level and overcome historical amateurism.In principle, this term can employ any length of time in which there was no writing.The disadvantage of this is the introduction of the principle of separation that appears written in different people at different times, so there is no unified end of the period.

periodization highlights after the writing of the most mysterious, and one of the most productive periods - antique.It is usually identified with the history of Greece and Rome, but the beginning of the period considered to be the beginning of the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations.It was at this time there are first states appear economic and diplomatic contacts, such as the ancient East.There is writing.In the social sphere can be noted the advantage of tribal relations, the beginning of metal processing and in connection with the rapid development of crafts.This period is characterized as a period of building luxurious palaces and entire complexes.The periodization of the history of the ancient period ends with the fall of the Roman Empire.

Middle Ages begin with the fall of the Roman Empire.This period was initially characterized by a definite decline in social relations, the economy.At this time, increased the barbarian raids on the weakening of the state, which led to the fall of Rome in 410.Then you can mention such prominent events as the great migration of peoples, the formation of the state francs, Scandinavia, Moravia and Kievan Rus, Portugal and Spain, the Byzantine Empire.For the period from the eleventh to the fourteenth century is characterized by a gradual crisis of the Frankish state, the subsequent formation of Germany and France.The emergence of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

early modern period - a period lasting from the late fifteenth century to the middle of the seventeenth.At this time, emerging capitalism, though still prevailing feudal system.At the same time there have been many geographical discoveries and technological progress, the growth of trade and industry, changes in the perception of the world, the structure of society.

periodization of the history of the Middle Ages after considering the new time, which is considered to be the end of the First World War.At this time, there have been radical changes began to develop a variety of science, in some countries, a crisis of absolutism, established a parliamentary democracy.

Contemporary begins with the end of the First World War.Distinctive features of this stage - the Second World War, technical inventions, education, peace organizations, international cooperation, development of diplomatic relations at the global level.

At the same time representatives of the Marxist doctrine developed different periodization of history, based on the method of production.In Soviet times, it significantly supplemented by historians, and therefore became known as the Soviet periodization.According to this periodization, there are primitive times, slavery, feudalism, capitalism and communism.

Another type of periodization, the so-called "planar", based on the development of a country, for example, there is the periodization of Russian history, etc.In each period, they identify those steps that are important for the history of this country.