Ethnic culture

ethnic and national culture - the concept is different.The first part of the structure of the second.In other words, the culture developed nation always includes ethnic component - the culture of one or more ethnic groups that formed it (the nation).This component reflects the centuries-old experience of life and management of devices and farming in accordance with these climatic conditions.

Ethnic culture is manifested in the peculiarities of folklore, food, clothing, medicine and folk crafts and other spheres of life.To a greater extent preserved its features in the villages than in the cities.Ethnic culture - is the oldest cultural layer.It was she who bears all the traditions of their ancestors.

Ethnic culture is focused on the preservation of attachment to the past, it is endowed with continuity and conservatism.Some of its members point to the identity of the people.For example, such symbols include sundress and Russian samovar, spaghetti Italians kilt - the Scots, the legends about ghosts and oatmeal - the British.These features are present among the peoples of all countries.

It should be noted that a national culture can not be reduced national.The latter is based on education, literature and philosophy, science and art, literature, technological and socio-political development of the nation.This comprehension of national culture is carried out by means of self-education.Knowledge require special intellectual effort.

Ethnic Culture, in turn, is the basis for development.It formed the vernacular, it becomes a source of literary themes and images, architectural styles, musical rhythms.Folding it for centuries tradition influence the uniqueness and originality of the nation as a whole.

At the same time, tending to isolation, commitment Remnants of the past, ethnic culture often does not meet modern standards of life.She knows change does not take anything strange and unfamiliar, while maintaining its originality.At the same time the national culture characterized by constant change, innovation.It absorbs the achievements of other nations.

Such discrepancies in the stories engendered periods when there is little gap between the cultural development of an educated population and a layer of "Nizami" - supporters of the ethnic group.For example, in Russia in the 18-19 centuries between ordinary people (peasants) and the noble families formed a real cultural gap.Most Russian nobleman could easily understand a foreigner than his serf.At the same time, in the "higher" society almost all aristocrats, fluent in French, in Russian spoke with great difficulty.

on the elimination of the "abyss" was greatly influenced by the genius of Russian literature (Pushkin, who was able to combine in his poetry aristocratic educated and simple folk start, other poets and writers), the Slavophiles, passionate advocates for the protection of the Russian ethnos - the national spirit, the intellectuals that were includedthe people.

Today many talk about the need to revive the "primordially Russian culture."However, understanding the role and place of ethnic groups, it is clear that this could lead to a decline in the cultural development of the nation as a whole.From ancient times, people's life signs, more often new technologies are part of the village life.Ethnic culture is increasingly being relocated to museums.

course, know and learn folk traits of his nation needed.However, we have to live in the modern culture.

National Progress is not always regarded as a continuous acquisition and victory.Along with the achievements and contradictions occur, and loss.