Kaluga - fish sturgeon family kind of belugas.It lives in the waters of the Amur basin.Included in the Red Book as endangered population.Previously it was thought that these freshwater fish.But later juveniles were met off the coast of the Sea of Okhotsk near Sakhalin Island and the Kamchatka Peninsula of Hokkaido.
Fish Eagle - the largest of freshwater, it can reach a length of 6 m, weight - up to 1200 kg.It can be safely attributed to the centenarians.Puberty occurs when the fish length over 2 m and a weight of about 80 kg.This fish gets to 18-22 years.Males reach sexual maturity earlier than females slightly.Ichthyologists suggest that fish can live more than 55 years.
head Kaluga triangular shape, the top is covered with bony scutes.Body elongate, covered with calcified plates, which are arranged in 5 rows.Mouth large, transverse, partially passes to the sides of the head.On the bottom side of the mouth has a number of antennae, flattened laterally.The white belly and gray-green spin.Here's a
Propagated at a depth of 3 to 7 m in the gravel and sand ridges of the channel of the Amur.Spawning occurs every 3-4 years, falls in May-June and lasts for 5-6 days.During this time, fish Kaluga can sweep up to 4 million eggs, which are carried by the current.Fry initially eat insect larvae, small shrimp.They grow quickly, at an early age become predators.Cannibalism among them - the norm.
Fish Kaluga is very strong, that's why it styled the Amur tiger.Tail it can knock the rivets out of the seams of the boat.But it has a weak point - turning the fish on the back, it can do anything.
Naturally, such a big fish - predator.When salmon, smelt, chum salmon, herring are spawning, Kaluga is attached to the flocks of swallows and five-kilogram fishes, like a small bird swallows fly.At other times, she may eat small fish, marine shrimp, and even their own young.
Old fisherman from Mykolaivka-na-said, accidentally caught Kaluga.They were delivered to the network 3, in which the fish hit.She tore the network 2, exhausted, confused in the third.Fisher had to hire a car and secure network of steel cables to pull this edifice on the shore.Proceedings have appeared vain.Of fishes got a barrel of caviar.
Speaking of caviar.It is black, the diameter of the eggs to 4 mm.The meat of this fish - a delicacy.And locals claim that it has healing properties.Kaluga is rightly considered to be the best fish.As with all sturgeon, it has no bones, only cartilage, iefood can be consumed in its entirety.The sale of the meat of this fish is practically impossible to find, although it relates to food fish.
Over the past half century the number of Kaluga dropped significantly.This was due to uncontrolled poaching catches, as well as pollution of water habitats.For some time, catch the super-fish has been banned.Currently, fishing is limited, so the population is gradually recovering.
Fish Kaluga scientists are very interested in its long migration, and the ability to live in both freshwater and marine.
Kaluga - a very rare and coveted trophy, the dream of any fisherman.