Education of the Moscow State: main periods and politicians

During the reign of Daniel Alexandrovich as a "unifier" of the Russian lands claimed Moscow.It is from this time begins the creation of a centralized state with a unified capital.The rise of the Moscow principality and the center - in Moscow - is not accidental.This was facilitated by favorable geographical position, the policies pursued by the rulers of Moscow, the development of new, passing through the Russian land trade routes.The founder of the dynasty of princes of Moscow is considered to be the son of Alexander Nevsky - Daniel, has seized the reign of the principality in 1263 and active in expanding their land.For example, in 1301 the Moscow principality joined Kolomna, but in 1303 - Mozhaisk.Within a few years of his reign Daniel principality has increased significantly and has become one of the largest and most powerful in the north-east Russia.

great influence on the formation of the Moscow State had a reign of Ivan Daniilovich, which basically continued his father's work to expand the area of ‚Äč‚Äčtheir land and join Belozerskoye Moscow, Uglich and Galich principality.Ivan Danilovich, nicknamed Kalita, Russia went down in history as a cruel, intelligent and consistent decision-making ruler pays great attention to relations with the Golden Horde.During the reign of Ivan Kalita Moscow became the center of permanent residence in her prince that has further strengthened the credibility of the Moscow princes to the rulers of other Russian lands.

Further Education centralized Moscow state happening under the leadership of Kalita sons - Ivan and Red Simeon the Proud, to join him Starodubsky, Dmitrov earth, fire and Kaluga.

The formation of a single state could not have the effect of feudal strife that broke out in Russia in the mid-14th century, between the great-grandchildren of Ivan Kalita, the rules in the immediate vicinity of the Moscow principality.The main reason for enmity between the brothers became a question of changing the order of succession.Sometimes the meaning of the feudal wars of the 14th century lies in the struggle against opponents and supporters of the creation of a single state in the territory of Russia, with its capital in Moscow.As a result, those who advocated the centralization of Russian land, unquestioning victory was won.

Education Moscow State was completed during the reign of Ivan III and his son - Vasily III.Nobles and princes of the remaining Russian principalities willingly passed on service in Moscow.Those who still refused to recognize the authority of the Moscow princes, throwing their land and fled to neighboring countries (particularly in Lithuania).The latter, the largest land remained in office for a separate principality, was Veliky Novgorod boyars that this period of time to conclude an agreement with Lithuania vassalage.Learning of this, Ivan III in 1471 organized a march on the city.The decisive battle took place near the river Shelon, Novgorod troops were completely defeated the Muscovites.Seven years later, Novgorod became a member of the Moscow principality.

Education Moscow State was completed with the accession, in 1485 Tver.The rules in it at this time of Ivan III received the title of the Emperor of All Russia.The end of the 14th century went down in history of our country as the end of its period of feudal fragmentation.

Education Moscow State associated with such a great event as the liberation of Russia from the almost 240-year-old Mongol-Tatar yoke.Ivan first third of the rulers of the country over the past century has ceased to pay tribute to the Tatars.In 1480 Ahmad Khan attempted to restore the dominance of the country, which was not successful.After the liberation of Russia from the yoke of the hated was unprecedented strengthening of the position of the Moscow principality, it was attached to it remaining unsubordinated land: Smolensk, Pskov and Ryazan.In the late 15th century on the map will be a new power that is increasingly called Russia.