Computer science

age of the information revolution compared with the agricultural (8000-5000 years BC. E.) Or industrial (1750-1850 years BC. E.) Is small.But despite its short (as a formal academic discipline) history, it has made a fundamental contribution to the development of science and society.In addition to the electronics, computer science made it possible to realize the idea that this century will be characterized by people's ability to transmit information freely, and have instant access to data that would be difficult or impossible to find previously.This idea is linked to the advent of digital technologies.As a result of the transition from a traditional industrial economy to one based on the use of information.In our country we began to study computer science in schools since 1985.

concept has several definitions.To describe it as an area of ​​human activity, it is possible to focus on three major interrelated parts.One of them - a branch of the national economy, and the other - an applied discipline.Both are based on the third component - a computer, as the science of fundamental character.

Its achievements are of great importance and are implemented in computer systems, in purely theoretical areas and practical applications.This is the theory of computational complexity, which studies fundamental properties of mathematical objects, computer graphics, programming languages, human-computer interaction, the study of the theory and description of calculations and so on.

In American sources claim that the term "computer science" (in American English sounds «computer science» and translated as "computer science") was first introduced in 1961 by George Elmer Forsyth (1917-1972), who was involved in numerical analysis and founded the departmentcomputer science at Stanford University.

Among other data, it follows that the term «Informatik» appeared in 1957 and the primacy given to the German scientist Karl Shteynbuhu.At the same time in France «Informatique» (the word comes from the merger of two French words: «information» and «automatique») became known as the area occupied by the automated processing of information.Therefore, we can assume that computer science originated in this period.Some major universities (eg the UK) «computer science» and now means "computer science."Currently there is no universally accepted, established or standardized definition of the term.

Information - a science that in their research often overlaps other disciplines, such as philosophy, cognitive science, linguistics, mathematics, physics, statistics and logic.Some believe that computer science is especially closely, as compared to many scientific disciplines related to mathematics.Early computer studies were heavily influenced by the work of mathematicians such as Kurt Gödel and Alan Turing.And now remains a useful exchange of ideas with areas such as category theory, algebra and mathematical logic.

Science Computer Science has been studying ways of receiving, storing, stockpiling, transfer, conversion, protection and use of the information data.It includes subjects that relate to information processing of computer systems, analysis algorithms and development of programming languages.Today, its practical value has increased significantly, and covers many areas of science, life and production.Therefore, there are sections such as computational linguistics, business, geo, chemo-, bioinformatics and others.

extensive line refers to natural computing, this includes the processes occurring in the human brain, or society.Technical means used by computer science or as an applied discipline are computer equipment and technology.