Khazar state (650-969 gg.) Is the largest medieval power.It was formed by the union of tribes in the south-east Europe.Khazar Khanate is considered dangerous Jewish power in history.He controlled the territory of the Middle and Lower Volga, the North Caucasus, the Azov Sea, the current north-western part of Kazakhstan, the northern region of Crimea, as well as forest and steppe of Eastern Europe to the Dnieper.
highlight the tribal alliance of Western Turkic union.Initially, the core of the Khazar state was located in the northern part of present Dagestan.Later it moved (under the onslaught of the Arabs) in the lower reaches of the Volga.The political domination of the Khazars extended one time some East Slavic tribes.
It should be noted that the origin of the people are not fully known.It is believed that after the adoption of Judaism, the Khazars themselves perceived as the descendants of Kozara, who was the son Togarmeha.According to the Bible, the latter was the son of Japheth.
According to some historians, the Khazar Khanate has some connection with the lost Israelite tribes.At the same time, most researchers tend to believe that the nation has all the Turkic roots.
Rise of the Khazar people associated with the development of Turkic khanate, with the rulers of which the first (supposedly) had family ties.In 552, the Altai Turks had formed a huge empire.Soon it was divided into two parts.
the second half of the 6th century the Turks extended their power to the Caspian and the Black Sea steppes.During the Iran-Byzantine war (602-628 gg.) Were the first evidence of the existence of the Khazars.Then they were a major part of the army.
In 626 Khazars invaded the territory of modern Azerbaijan.Plundered Caucasian Alans and connect with the Byzantines, they stormed the Tbilisi.
By the end of the 7th century a large part of the Crimea, the North Caucasus and the Azov region was under the control of the Khazars.There is no exact data on how far extended their power to the east of the Volga.However, no doubt that the Khazar Khanate, spreading its influence to stop the flow of nomads who followed to Europe from Asia.This, in turn, created favorable conditions for the development of the Slavic peoples settled and Western European countries.
Khazar Khanate controlled territory and is home to a lot of Jewish communities.Around the year 740 Bulan (one of the Princes) converted to Judaism.Apparently, this helped to strengthen it his clan.This ruling dynasty pagan Khazars began to lose credibility.
descendant of Prince Bulan - Obadiah - at the beginning of the ninth century, took the second post in the Empire, real power is concentrated in his hands.Since then, a system of dual governance.Nominally, the country remained the main representatives of the royal family, but really rule on their behalf lords kind Bulanidov.
After the establishment of a new administrative order Khazar Khanate began to develop international transit trade to shift from conquests.
In the 9th century due to the new wave of the Great Migration, the Volga began to pass new nomadic tribes.
new enemy of the Khazars became the Old Russian state.Varangian guards who came to Eastern Europe, began to successfully challenge the power of the Slavs.Thus freed from Khazar domination radzimichy in 885, 884 and northerners in a clearing in the year 864.
Between the end of the 9th to the first half of the 10th century Khazaria weakened, but remained highly influential empire.To a large extent this was possible thanks to skillful diplomacy and well-trained army.
The death of the Khazar khanate decisive role belongs to the Old Russian state.Svyatoslav in 964 year released Vyatichi (the latter dependent tribe).The following year, the prince defeated the army of the Khazars.After a few years (968-969) defeated the Prince Samandar and Itil (the capital of the Khazar empire in different periods).This moment is considered the official end of the independent Khazar.