The feudal war of the 15th century

Many historical events in Russia in the last century had a significant influence on its further development.One of them was a feudal war that broke out in the XIV century and continued in the period from 1433 to 1953.Its main reason was the violation existed at the time the right to inherit the throne from brother to brother, and later a new - from father to son.

This historical period was characterized by the formation of several estates in the Moscow principality.They belonged to the sons of Dm.Don.The largest is the specific formation were ruled Yuri Dmitrievich.It was Zvenigorod and Galicia.Strife for the throne at this time reached a large scale, because of what are called "feudal war."

beginning it has become a controversial issue of inheritance, which was to go to the Jury after the death of his elder brother Basil I-st, but this did not happen.See bequest went to the ten-year son Basil I-st.Being the eldest in the family, Yuri tried to get him to relying on existing laws then the throne.It is because of this and started a feudal war, which converged with the interests of the uncle nephew Vasily II-th.Shortly after the start of the fight Yuri Dmitrievich died, and they started the war continues his sons, Dmitry and Vasily Shemyaka skew.

war assumes the character of the struggle, in which there are supporters and opponents of centralization of the state.The feudal war in those years were brutal and utterly uncompromising.In its course use any means.It was a conspiracy, cheating and even fanaticism.Basil II-nd blinded by his enemies, and later he was nicknamed Basil Dark.This war ended in his victory, as he became the Grand Prince of Moscow and began to rule the country in the difficult times of civil strife and fratricidal wars.

Feudal War in Russia was long, and the result of two decades of continuous struggle was severe destruction and significant weakening of the defense capability of the entire Russian land.The consequence, of course, become even more devastating raids Horde khans.It was the time of formation of the sole of the princely rule and establishing a clear legacy of the throne.It was found that he had to move only from father to son.

Associated reasons because of which the feudal war broke out in Russia at the time was to strengthen the contradictions that emerged among the feudal lords and the associated paths and forms of centralization of the state.This war took place in a difficult time for the country: against Tatar raids and expansion Duchy of Lithuania, the economic and political consolidation is great (Moscow, Ryazan, Tver) and smaller (Mozhayskoe, Galician, Zvenigorodskoe) principalities.

At that time, the struggle intensified townspeople and peasants against Boyar, princely and noble service.The feudal war of the 15th century brought many changes.By the end of it it was eliminated the majority of small principalities that were a part of the Moscow principality, and therefore strengthen the power of the Grand Duke.

examining in more detail the course of the event, it can be traced to its most essential points.The most decisive clashes took place in the 1433-34 biennium.Despite the fact that Yuri has been successful, his side are not supported by the majority of the feudal lords, because of which he was unable to secure a Moscow velikoknyazhy throne.

On the main stage of the feudal war of the 15th century has gone beyond the principality and has spread to the central and northern regions.The third phase of hostilities for Basil II-nd ended in defeat, with the result that he was captured and brutally blinded, and then exiled to Uglich.This period marked the urban revolts, an escape from the feudal peasants.At this time the government was Shemyaka, but in 1446 he was expelled from Moscow, and reign again passed into the hands of Basil II-nd.