length of Russia from west to east (from the westernmost point - the Kaliningrad enclave Ratmanova Island in the Bering Strait) - almost ten thousand kilometers.Our country is rich in geographic records.For example, the length of the land border - 20322 km, sea - 38000. In the country's 11 time zones.The deepest and the largest lake in the world (Baikal and the Caspian Sea).However, the Caspian Sea have access to four more states.
length of Russia from north to south - 4000 km.The most extreme northern point of the country's land is on Rudolf Island, which is located in the archipelago under the name of Franz Josef Land.The name of the island was the Arctic expedition of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, opened it in 1873.The island has long acted Soviet (then - Russian) arctic station, but in 1995 it was closed down.The most southern point of the neighborhood is Mount Bazarduzu in Dagestan, on the border with Azerbaijan.
considerable length of Russia has made possible the existence in the country a large number of natural and landscaped areas.If the far north of the Arctic dominated a lifeless desert, where only in the short polar summer quickly fades and appears a small number of herbaceous plants, the southern territories lie in the subtropical zone.This is the Black Sea coast south of Tuapse.Here, palm trees, and the average minimum temperature in January is positive.
Because of the landscape of the country there is a change of climatic zones and movement from west to east.Length of Russian influence here.Ural Mountains is not in vain considered to be the boundary of Europe and Asia.Moving along the 55th parallel (the latitude of Moscow) on the federal highway M5 clearly visible difference between the natural and climatic conditions.On the western slope of the Urals is dominated by deciduous forests: linden, oak, even softwood (spruce) grow here European species.The mountain streams usual European subspecies grayling.There are many examples!
exceeded the mountains, we find that the forests are mainly birch, and in the mountains - pine.A linden and oak almost never occur.And as the isotherms of January and July, at the same latitude in the European part of the country and in the Urals are slightly different.
whole vast territory of the country bordered by three oceans and inland lowland areas of Asia, which lie in areas of extreme continental climate.It left an imprint on the climate in different regions of the country.Since Russia is very great extent, the influence of the Pacific Ocean, the biggest in the world, the country is relatively small.It greatly affects only the climate of the Far East.
the Far East combined seemingly incompatible.In the forest there with the traditional Russian bear usual tropical animal tiger.However, in the struggle for survival in a harsh climate, he became much larger than its tropical counterpart.And on a cold island of Sakhalin, vines, and wild, and bamboo, although low, up to three, maximum - up to five meters in height.Interestingly, Vladivostok is located half a degree south of Sochi.A climatic zones of these cities do not have anything in common.
length of Russia in space is such that the country holds within its borders the territory with various natural conditions.This diversity is not in any country in the world, except perhaps the United States, where there are Alaska (analogue of our Chukotka) and Florida to California - "American Sochi."