Cultural Revolution in the Soviet Union took place during the first and second five-year plan.The most important and the very first of its objective is to eliminate illiteracy.Literacy in 1926 among residents of nine years and older was about 51.1%.Some nationalities educated population makes up a very small percentage.Thus, the Kazakhs were about 9.1%, in Kyrgyzstan - 5.8%, Yakuts - 7.2%, Turkmen - 2.7%, Tajiks - 3%.
Cultural Revolution in Russia began with the call of the Communist Party to eliminate illiteracy.The movement to eliminate ignorance unfolded in the country extensively.The slogan of the party called to teach the illiterate literate.Thus, the total number of people involved in the movement across the country by 1930 amounted to about one million.The cultural revolution in the USSR by 1932 seized more than thirty million people.
To eliminate illiteracy once and for all it was necessary to stop the flow from among uneducated generation younger.Thus, there was compulsory universal education.
addition to eliminating illiteracy, innovation had an important economic and political role.He pointed out that the uneducated man is outside politics.Illiterate, in his opinion, are not able to master the technique and take an informed part in the formation of the socialist system.
Cultural Revolution in the Soviet Union in 1930-1931 was marked by the introduction of free primary education for four children from eight to eleven.The workers' settlements, factory areas, industrial cities for the children who have graduated from a four-year school and entered the subsequent seven-year free education.
Thus, by the end of the first Five-Year Plan compulsory universal education was implemented almost throughout the country.
cultural revolution in the USSR during the first two five-year was marked by large-scale ubiquitous school construction.Thus, in the years 1929-32 was erected about thirteen thousand schools for 3.8 million students in the period from 1933 to 1937 - more than eighteen thousand schools.The number of people receiving secondary and higher education has been increased to the 37 th year to 29.6 million.
Besides the huge success in the formation of school education, were set up hundreds of new colleges and institutions of pedagogical profile in the RSFSR and other republics.During the first five-year plan to grow rapidly network of secondary and higher education has trained over four hundred, and in the period of the Second Five-Year Plan - more than one million professionals and educators middle and senior managers.
During the first two five-year plans were marked significant progress in the development of Soviet science.In the Plan tasks demanded of formation of agricultural value close ties with the production and the practice of socialist construction.At the time, fame and recognition to the work of such figures as Michurin, Tsiolkovsky, Pavlov, Fersman, and VA Obruchev, AP Karpinski, N.Zelinsky and other scientists.
During the first and second five-year period have been discovered and began to develop branches of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in the Far East, the Urals, Uzbek, Turkmen, Kazakh, Tajik, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Georgian Soviet republics.
Cultural Revolution of the USSR brought a new, coming from peasant and working among the intelligentsia.This new class was closely connected to the people and betrayed, he faithfully served.The intelligentsia of the time provided significant assistance to the Communist Party and the entire state in the formation of a socialist society.