As a rule, the state power is implemented by any means and methods, and the combination of these methods is called the state regime.But this term is not equivalent to the designation of "political regime" - concept and types latter is wider and more varied.It includes not only the ways in which the state acts on the society, but also other kinds of political relations
Concept and types of political regimes caused by the fact that every society is made up of groups with different interests and goals that do not participate directly in government, butIt affects it in different ways.It is not only the political parties but the business structure, the military, the media, civil society organizations, activists realize that the idea of civil society.They are all in varying degrees, are putting pressure on political power and influence on its decisions.
existing democratic and undemocratic political regimes, depending on the form of government and the relationship to the principle of separation \ delegating authority.Despite the fact that the word "democracy" means "democracy", states or territories where the people in the totality, not only would have the authority, but also to implement it in practice directly, no.However, this does not mean that democracy does not exist - just the kind of power and control involves a certain amount of elements of direct democracy.When a democratic government authority emanates from the people, which in various forms has the ability to influence decision-making in public policy;minority opinions are taken into account by those who have the majority;in law the rule of law prevails;prohibits only what is explicitly outlawed - everything else is enabled by default;the principle of a real separation of the legislative, judicial and executive authorities and law enforcement agencies and other entities that use of force, controlled by civil society;in society are various institutions, parties and movements, and human rights are implemented in accordance with the highest standards.Democratic political regime, the concept and types of which may vary according to the different regions and countries, there are approximately 40 countries, and it has proved its effectiveness in the long-term issue of the complex relationship between society, the individual and the state.
opposite of a democratic regime is historically autocracy, that is sole control.In today's world autocracy gradually replaced the authoritarian and totalitarian political regime.Concept and types of these modes differ in the degree of state intervention and regulatory authorities, not only in public, but the cultural, personal, and other spheres of life.The authoritarian regime as the reign of a group of people (often - military or other elites) is inclined to the widespread use of coercive methods and command methods of economic management;all power is concentrated in the hands of a particular clan, which fall on the basis of personal or group loyalty, and the other government institutions, such as Parliament, have only a formal character.Human rights often exist only on paper and are present in the speeches of politicians, but in practice it is not implemented.However, repression in this mode is limited mainly to the political opposition and the general political sphere, as the authorities try to control the only thing that can prevent its security.Examples of such a regime can serve as Pinochet in Chile, or the Islamic dictatorship of Khomeini in Iran.
Its features is a totalitarian political regime.Concept and types of totalitarianism identified many well-known political scientists and philosophers, such as Karl Popper and Arendt Hanoi.With all the hallmarks of an authoritarian regime, totalitarianism differs primarily tendency to destroy other political parties and movements, merging the ruling party with the state (partocracy), the head of which there is one and the same group of persons.This gives rise to the cult of the leader, often vested with supernatural features.There is a totalitarian ideology that transforms a person into an element of the system, and leading to the unification and total politicization of all forms of public life.In fact, in a totalitarian society, anyone who shies away from politics, should be destroyed.This kind of "left" and "right" political regime existed in the Soviet Union, China and the "socialist countries" of Nazi Germany, fascist Italy and Spain, Cambodia "Khmer Rouge" and other countries.