Mulberry

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With mulberry know almost everything.But only a few know another little common, its name - mulberry tree.Designated its growth - Ukraine, the Caucasus, Asia, the Crimea.

history of cultivation of mulberry leaves in Ancient China, where the leaves of the tree, the caterpillars feed silkworms.The mystery of silk production was successfully stored for more than three millennia.For the mere suspicion of their disclosure in China was beheaded.Russia, meanwhile, settled for raw silk fabrics and ready-made.

in 555 silkworm secretly taken to Europe, which allowed to start its own production of expensive material.Silk weaving manufactory, based in Moscow (the reign of Ivan IV), only serves to satisfy the needs of the king.

Under the reign of Peter the Great opened another 43 factories producing silk, are not inferior in quality to the Chinese.Mulberry was under the protection of the king cut him saying goodbye to his head.In addition, it establishes a new plantation of mulberry (in the Botanical Garden in Kiev, for example, are still growing trees planted under Peter the Great).

worth noting that the mulberry tree valued for a very tasty (and most importantly - useful) results.Easterners use the berries, bark, leaves and even roots for the treatment of kidney disease, diabetes, heart disease.Mulberries with skilful application is able to purify the blood, normaliziruya metabolism.With obesity folk healers prescribed infusions of fruit miracle tree called mulberry.

Useful features include mulberry in a very long list.Its leaves reduce the heat in the cold, a decoction of the bark is recommended for hypertension, asthma, bronchitis, cough.If you collect all the known recipes of traditional medicine, get a pretty comprehensive book.

Nagorno Karabakh mulberries called it as "king-berry" ("Shah Toots").Here it is not only the juice treat cough and hypertension, and stomatitis, sore throat.Mulberries used raw, dried, vyalitsya, preserved.It much glucose, organic acids, vitamins, fats, proteins.

Mulberry - beautiful building and finishing materials that can match the strength except that only oak.

tree species are quite a few: a weeping mulberry (up to five meters in height, the branches are long, drooping), mulberry pyramid (up to six meters, pyramidal crown) and spherical (up to two meters, the crown is like a balloon).In total there are about 400 varieties.Decorative forms usually white mulberry, and the rest - black (red).

tree is resistant to dirt, heat, frost.The plant is dioecious, wind-pollinated, a fast-growing.Polygamous - a phenomenon quite rare for him.The maximum height of the mulberry tree - 15 meters.

Despite the low demands on growing conditions, good soil fertility is still desirable: at regular fertilizing and watering good mulberry tree bears fruit abundant, and its fruits are larger and juicier.To feed and water the plants until July, then provided the so-called peace.Lowering the temperature even when the vegetation is not dangerous.Mulberry afraid not so much cold as searing growth with the onset of early spring, when the high moisture evaporation and the roots in the frozen ground can not yet raise the life-giving water (especially in the northern regions).Mature plants are covered
suberized layer that prevents desiccation, but young animals such natural protection yet, so he dies.

Mulberry, despite its simplicity, prefers still open (white) space and loose sandy loam or loamy soil.Podsypanie sand to the barrel causes additional growth of adventitious roots.The plant adapts quickly.Fruiting times a day (once a year).The yield depends on the variety, age and shape of the crown.Thirty-year plant capable of producing up to 300 kg of fragrant fruit.

mulberry Propagated by seeds and vegetatively.