Psychology - is one of the branches of psychological science.She studies the laws and facts of human development, as well as its psyche and its age dynamics.
object of study of psychology is considered to be a normal, healthy, changing and evolving in the ontogeny of man.It highlights the various age-related changes in human behavior and tries to explain them, to reveal all the laws of acquisition of knowledge and experience.The focus of this fishery products of psychological science are different forms of mental organization, which are typical for certain periods and stages of life.Its main task - to study and investigate the mental development of man from birth until his death.
subject of psychology - this age periods of development, mechanisms and causes of the transition from one to another, the overall trends and patterns, the direction and pace of human mental development in ontogenesis.
most important part of psychology - child psychology.The concept of the object of this science was transformed over time due to the fact that the changed methodology of the study.Initially, in the late 19th - early 20th century, scientists have sought to ensure that the specific data to accumulate empirical data to explore the phenomenology of mental development it is in childhood.They were interested in what happens in this period in child development, what new skills appear in a child, in what order and when.This task is performed using methods such as observation and experiment slice.
In the middle of the 20th century, researchers are beginning to devote more time to what are the conditions and factors are driving forces of mental development.Currently, you can highlight theoretical problems psychology.First, examine the driving forces, mechanisms and sources of psychological development throughout the life course.Secondly, make a periodization of mental development in ontogenesis people.Third, to explore different age peculiarities and regularities of mental processes (attention, memory, perception), ie, as they occur, they are a way of becoming, change, improved, degraded and compensated.Fourth, set the age characteristics, patterns, the feasibility of certain types of activity, the process of learning.Fifth, to explore the development of the age of the individual.
large number of scientists who have left a significant mark on the science required to deal with issues that decides psychology.Much attention is paid to child psychology LSVygotsky.
Psychology has a number of practical problems.Firstly, it is designed to determine the age norms of various mental functions, to reveal the creative potential of human and psychological resources.Second, to create a service monitoring of the entire course of mental development, providing possible assistance to parents who are in distressed situations.Third, to carry out the age and clinical diagnostics.Fourth, to serve as psychological support, help in times of crisis.Fifth, optimally organize the educational process.
Psychology uses the knowledge and experience of those close to her sciences: general, genetic, educational and social psychology.In addition, it relies on a variety of knowledge of the natural sciences: gerontology, cultural studies, pedagogy, medicine, sociology, ethnology, logic, linguistics, art history, literature and other fields of science.Psychology reveals the laws of formation of the psyche and makes them available to the public.