Experimental Psychology is a separate branch of psychological science, which structures the knowledge relating to the problems of research in the field of psychology and methods of solving them.This is a special discipline of research methods in psychology.Home
discipline was associated with the need to bring psychology to meet the main requirements for science.Any science is a subject of research, terminology, methodology.
experimental method in psychology from the beginning of its application in science has provided an extension area of interest of science.It all started with the development of experimental psycho-physiological principles.The result was the transformation of psychology into an independent scientific discipline that aims to synthesize the knowledge of research methods that are relevant to all areas of psychological science.Experimental psychology has been not just a classification of research methods and develop their studies and their degree of effectiveness.
So far this discipline has reached a significant level of development, but does not cease to grow.So far there is no psychology developed view of the role of the experiment and its potential in scientific knowledge that could be considered established.
methodology of experimental psychology based on scientific methodological principles (determinism, objectivity, falsifiability) and specific psychological principles (unity of physiological and mental unity of consciousness and activity, the principle of development, system-structural principle).
in the history of experimental psychology can be identified such key stages.XVI century - the emergence of experimental methods of psychology.XVIII century - the systematic staging experiments in psychology, with a scientific purpose.1860 -book "Elements of psychophysics" GT Fechner, which is considered the first work in the field of experimental psychology.1874 -book "Physiological Psychology" Wundt.1879 - foundation of the laboratory of Wundt and the establishment of the first scientific school of psychology.1885 - publication of "On Memory" H. Ebbinghaus, which is proof of certain phenomena due to certain factors in terms of the solution of specific problems.
experimental method in psychology has become a decisive factor in the transformation of psychological knowledge, highlighting the philosophy of science as an independent branch of knowledge.
Experimental Psychology is a different kind of mentality and methods using the method of experimentation.
Scientists have come to grips with the study of mental functions in the late 19th century.These were the first steps in the department of psychology from philosophy and physiology.
particular importance when working in this area were the works of Wilhelm Wundt.For the first time in the world he has created a psychological laboratory, which then received the status of the institute.From the walls came a generation of specialists and researchers in experimental psychology.
Wundt in his first working methods of laboratory experiment for the separation of consciousness into individual elements to identify the links between them.
Experimental Psychology , laid Wundt, based on direct experience - available direct observation of phenomena and facts of consciousness.It is the experience of researchers believe the subject of psychological science.
Experimental Psychology investigates the general laws of mental processes, and then moves on to the study of changes in individual sensitivity, memory, associations, reactions, etc.
F. Galton studied the ability, which has developed methods of diagnosis that gave rise testing, statistical methods of processing the results of psychological experiments, mass surveys.
D. Cattell personality considered as a set of empirically established (by experiment) psychological characteristics.
Today, experimental psychology and its methods are widely used in completely different areas.Achievements experimental psychology based on the use of methods of biology, physiology, mathematics and psychology.