How did the miniskirt

Scarlett O'Hara, the heroine of the novel "Gone with the Wind" suffered a great deal due to the fact that he had no opportunity to show the world their slender legs.Terms of decency 1860s were strict: can lift the hem of her skirt toe shoes for a maximum of two inches.Who would have then assumed that exactly one hundred years later, in the 60s of the twentieth century, women all over the planet put on a mini-skirt, barely covering the buttocks.

connoisseurs of elegance and good manners, naturally, were against this innovation, but freedom-loving sixties no moral standards could no longer cope with the vagaries of fashion.Of course, the shortened skirt gradually.The first step made advanced twenties girls - they began to wear straight skirts to mid-calf length.The secret of the emergence of such a mode was simple - after the First World War, the world was in an economic crisis and popular wear until 1914 long skirts with lush ruffles were too wasteful."Shortened skirts, dresses otfokstrocheny we cherish textiles.Economy, citizens, save, cute, save, home, on everything! "- Sung on this occasion kupletistov in the young Soviet Russia.

financial crisis has protracted - hardly recovered after the war, the global economy once again received a heavy blow: in 1929, the Great Depression, and after it - the Second World War.And women themselves have changed over the years: they were interested in politics, occupy managerial positions, working equally with men - to get them back to put on corsets and bustles with a drop-down to the floor loop would not have even the most peaceful and secure life.But too shorten the hem they too did not try.Skirts ended below the knee - and above this length does not rise.

a breakthrough occurred in just two decades after the end of World War II.He made an Englishwoman Mary Quant, the owner of fashion store Bazaar on King's Road in London.It was not a great designer in the conventional sense of the word, but very subtly felt the time.Perhaps it can be called one of the ancestor of modern street fashion.It is to her in London Bazaar youth came for the most fashionable New - catchy plastic ornaments, pajama pants cut, breeches, and then, of course, and mini-skirts.

canonical history of the invention is small: one day Mary decided to visit her friend Linda and caught her by the washing of floors in a very strange outfit.Instead of having to tuck her skirt in his belt, as did millions of women washing floors for centuries, she just cut him above the knee.This idea is so like Mary, that in a couple of weeks stocked store windows decorated with mannequins in ultrashort skirts.

However, after several decades already become famous Mrs. Quant confessed that the evil one all these years.Actually, the mini-skirt was the invention of the London streets - a desperate girl who loved rock 'n' roll and the guys started to shorten skirts to shock the inhabitants and attract male attention.Mary just in time to catch the nascent "trend" and sent it to the commercial mainstream.The story of the washing of floors just helped her evade accusations of obscenity mini skirts, they say, "what are you talking about?All in the name of comfort and freedom of movement that is inappropriate in this? ยป

addition to Mary Quant, the title of inventor of the mini skirt still claims the French designer Andre Kurrezha.From the beginning of the 60s in its collections met shortened skirts, but his model is considered clothing "haute couture", suitable only for podiums, and not for everyday life: the works of avant-garde fashion people used to be skeptical.

But Mary Quant made a bid is a commercial success.Her London-based presentation of the first collection of mini held in 1962 on board the transatlantic liner Queen Elizabeth and was a real event in the life of British fashion.And during this special show in America, Mary acted more decisively: it brought thirty mannequins in mini-skirts on the catwalk right on Times Square.Under the loud sounds of music girls walked along Broadway, and the movement in the center of Manhattan was paralyzed - cars stood, the streets were crowded with curious.This "mini-parade" became the main event of the day in all of television newscasts.A detachment of Mary Quant went on - in two weeks, they visited twelve cities in the United States.

date of final acceptance can be considered a mini October 30, 1965, the day of the annual race for the Melbourne Cup.In secular circles, this event is considered to be no less important than the famous Ascot horse racing in the UK.That year at the Melbourne Flemington racecourse, as always, gathered the cream of international high society.As expected at the events of this level, all the ladies were dressed elegantly emphasized: hats, gloves, suits and expensive jewelry.All but one: a famous fashion model Jean Shrimpton caused a sensation by appearing at the races in a simple white mini dress.After her mini dressed almost all celebrities - at least those to whom it is allowed figure.

Nevertheless lasted around a mini debate.Government agencies forbade their female employees to wear a mini, the Vatican announced a mini-skirt "shameless" and a product of "the devil" and even Coco Chanel, who seemed to possess an innate instinct in relation to fashion trends, was against it."Knees - most ugly part of the female body, they need to hide!" - She said.

But the men were clearly not agree with the viewpoint of the Great Mademoiselle.One of them, an Englishman Bill Scarfe, even organized by the British Society for the Protection of miniskirts.

In September 1966 members of the Society picketed the display of a new collection of Christian Dior, which, according to press reports, had marked the return of the fashion long skirts."Mini-skirt - forever!" "Support small!" - Reads the headers with which men came to protest.It is not known whether it is due Scarf and his followers, or Dior time realized that these clothes belong to the future, but the mini skirt of fashion did not come.

A couple of months later, on November 15, 1966, Queen Elizabeth II presented Mary Quant Order of the British Empire.

at a ceremony Mary, of course, came to the small: it was a dress in sporty style with low waist.

Queen, of course, was dressed according to the protocol, but this time in its informal wardrobe miniskirt take pride of place.

And it was for Mary Quant victory almost more than obtaining the order.

Another pleasant surprise for Mary was a statement of British doctors that, since I came into fashion mini skirts, the birth rate in the country has grown.Although it can not be considered a credit to Mary alone.By the time the mini-models appeared in the collections of almost all fashion designers.

Even before the Soviet Union came the fashion for short skirts.One of the first Soviet designers have begun to include in their collections of small, she became Vyacheslav Zaitsev.And in 1967, when the Soviet Union hosted the International Fashion Festival, Muscovites were able to admire and mini-skirts by famous international designers.But the most important source of fashion ideas for Soviet women were a movie: dresses foreign actresses copied or creatively fine-tuned in line with modest domestic capabilities.In the seventies, a small forgotten for a short while - in vogue long flowing gowns.But by the early eighties miniskirts are back to stay in our locker room forever.

In 1983, after more than a decade after the death of Coco Chanel, the creative director of the fashion house Chanel has become a fashion designer Karl Lagerfeld.In the first collection, made to them for this mark, he violated a sacred taboo Great Mademoiselle - now the classic Chanel tweed jackets are requested to wear short skirts.I surrendered to the fashion and another old house haute couture - Jean Patou.

In the eighties it was king Christian Lacroix, stunned the world silhouette of a "mini-Krini" - tight tops with plunging neckline or bare shoulders and curvy ultrashort skirts, reminiscent of a pack of dancers or mini-skirts with bustles.

A couturier Azzedine Alaya, on the contrary, preferred to mini skirts, tight women's hips like a second skin.His example was followed by Gianni Versace, Claude Montana and Thierry Mugler.

motto of the eighties was the word "sexuality" - and without mini could do no clothing collection.

fact that whatever is said about the seductiveness psychologists tightly closed garments, neither the most stable man could not resist, so as not to turn into a girl in a short skirt.

Nowadays hard dictates of fashion no longer exists.Modern women can wear any length and any style in their wardrobe of vintage outfits coexist different decades of the XX century and dresses of the latest fashion collections.

But look at the sides - and you'll see that the overwhelming majority of the girls skirt end around his hand above the knee - just as was once thought of Mary Quant.

Bakhareva Maria

Articles Source: