High pressure familiar to many.Headache, a knock at the ears, uncomfortable shortness of breath, chest pain, "flutter" of the heart.In addition, for such a diagnosis characterized by dizziness, sudden severe heart pain.If you tolerate for long jumps of arterial pressure, the vision starts to fall, because there will gradually irrevocable changes in the blood vessels of the whole body, including the eyeball.In any case, high blood pressure is dangerous because blood circulation of the brain, there is heart failure, kidney failure, aggravated all chronic diseases of internal organs.
High blood pressure is usually elevated systolic and diastolic performance.If povyshenno a diastolic (bottom), the doctor should be particularly cautious with appointments, not to reduce the normal systolic pressure below the critical border.When it was revealed a high diastolic pressure, the causes can be very different.For example, it speaks of the power of reduced cardiac output at the possibility of increasing the resistance of blood vessels.Accordingly, it must be complete and in-depth examination of the heart and all the vessels.
If you visit a doctor, because you are constantly abrupt high diastolic blood pressure, cause that's what it will start to figure out from the start, in parallel trying to lower it.He will begin, most likely, with the adjustment of nutrition, lifestyle, diet.If this fails, it will be forced to appoint medication.
approach in the treatment of high diastolic pressure
to determine the cause of abnormal performance, it is desirable to hospitalize the patient and conduct a survey.But the mere treatment of the patient will be able to pass on its own, at home.If such a condition the patient is complicated by hypertensive crisis, high diastolic blood pressure, the reasons may be lurking in violation of the internal organs, severe chronic diseases (diabetes, a pathology of the heart and arteries, kidney failure and others.).
After a full examination of all organs (CCC, endocrine, urinary, and others.), When all the possible diseases of internal organs will be removed, the patient is diagnosed with "essential hypertension" or hypertension.
If high diastolic blood pressure systematically, it will be a treatment of the underlying causes of this condition.For example, when abnormalities in the blood vessels or defect of the aortic valve have to resort to surgery.If the cause is hidden in this, the pressure normalized after surgery.
As with any other types of hypertension, the patient will be advised to adhere to the correct way of life - a healthy diet, activity, complete rest.When overweight patient's diet is the first requirement of the attending doctor.And it's not overkill, because every extra kilogramm- a blow to the heart.Optimal nutrition for hypertensive - fruit - vegetable and cereal-milk diet.Cooking methods for such diseases - cooking, baking, stewing.All food must be low-fat, moderate portions, but a lot of meals (4-6).Seafood in the diet are all required.You can consume oily fish (because of the huge amounts of healthy fats).The use of salt is limited (not completely ruled out!), As well as sweet and flour products.
Drug therapy of diastolic hypertension
Unfortunately, drugs that reduce only the diastolic pressure is almost non-existent.Therefore, the patient will be assigned to ACE inhibitors.In some cases, there may be assigned, and angiotensin receptor blockers.All treatments must be taken continuously to prevent complications in the work of the internal organs due to the constant tension in the blood vessels, and only then it will be a significant and sustainable reduction in diastolic blood pressure.
ACE inhibitors cause a decrease in blood pressure by inhibiting the formation of angiotensin II from angiotensin I. Angiotensin I - substances of protein nature, are formed from blood plasma, it has no pressure boosting effect, in contrast to the group II.This group of drugs is very well tolerated (ramipril, enalapril, ramipril, and others.), But in rare cases, causes severe persistent cough.In such cases it is necessary to appoint receptor blockers aimed at angiotensin II (Lozartran et al.).
strictly implement all the recommendations of the doctor, controlling systolic blood pressure (that it did not fall much under the influence of drugs) normalizing and high diastolic blood pressure (the reasons will gradually be clarified), we get a chance to bring the pressure back to normal.