Kamchatka: nature of the region, flora and fauna, interesting facts

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wonderful and diverse nature of Russia.Kamchatka - a unique mountain region.It is distinguished by the peculiarity of the terrain, harsh climate, the richness of flora and fauna.

Geography field

Kamchatka, the nature of which constantly presents researchers surprises, a peninsula on the north-east of Eurasia.Washed by the Sea of ​​Okhotsk and the Bering Sea and the Pacific Ocean.It has an elongated shape, extending from north to south for 1,200 km and its maximum width not exceeding 440 km.Kamchatka area about 270 thousand square.km.

From the mainland peninsula connected by a narrow isthmus, the cross section of which only about 90 km away.

West Bank and even low-lying, marshy places.The eastern coast is steep rocky line, rugged coves and bays.

Peninsula is crossed by many rivers.Almost all of them originate in glaciers or at the foot of the mountains.The water is very clean, potable without treatment and boiling.The largest river - Kamchatka.Also, there are many lakes.

area of ​​modern volcanism

What is interesting Kamchatka?Nature has generously endowed its volcanoes.There are more than 2500 volcanic cones - about 300 extinct and more than 30 active volcanoes.They are the main attraction of the peninsula.Poets call them stone torches, they are depicted on the emblem and flag of the region.

One of the most interesting volcanoes in Kamchatka - Ichinsky whose height is 3621 meters.It is striking for its size and shape.Very unusual and beautiful sight - periodic emissions of blue obsidian.

Kamchatka is the highest volcano in Eurasia - Klyuchevskaya Sopka whose peak reaches 4,750 meters.In addition to its "growth" it differs absolutely correct classical form.It is surrounded by 12 smaller eruptions.The whole group is declared a natural park.

the south of the peninsula is another group of volcanoes, called "Home."It includes Kozelskiy (2190 meters), Avacha (2751 meters) and Koryak (3456 meters) volcanoes.

Avacha, Mutnovsky and Karymskii - one of the most active volcanoes.The last eruption of Avacha recorded in 1991, and Karymskii 1996 shows a continuous activity.

From a scientific point of view, Kamchatka - a natural laboratory for the creation of volcanoes.The entire scientific world is watching the birth of their unique processes taking place before our eyes, like in prehistoric times.

Peninsula - a seismically active zone.Periodically it is shaken earthquake, the strength of the individual reaches 9-10.


Kamchatka dominates wet and cool climate.In cold and windy lowlands than in the highlands.Snow, with frequent blizzards winter arrives in November and actually lasts until late April.Only in May, held a short rapid spring, and behind it is the same short summers, often rainy, sometimes quite hot, but always colored with a riot of colors of flowering herbs.Autumn often cloudless and warm.

Flora and fauna

Wildlife Kamchatka virtually untouched by man.Total Kamchatka has about 1,200 species of plants - trees, shrubs and grasses.Some of which are endemic, ie found nowhere else on the planet.

Coast prevails alpine vegetation;above 1400 meters above sea level - the mountain tundra, even higher - a wasteland with sparse vegetation.For the peninsula is characterized by tall.Herbs grow to 3-4 meters!Spring and summer are lush bloom, making Kamchatka spaces, like a kaleidoscope, poured waves of color - the rule of greenery gives way to a purple color, which is gradually diluted with white, and then is replaced by dark-purple, which in turn is replaced by deep orange, and then - bright-yellow and red.Each color lasts about a week.The pride of the peninsula are the lady's slipper orchid, globe-Reader, wintergreen and red meat, rose topoushkovaya and other plants.

Fauna of Kamchatka also diverse: 500 species of fish, 300 species of birds, 90 species of mammals - sable, ermine, flying squirrel, hare, otter, lynx, reindeer, polar wolf, fox and others.Predators most dangerous is the Kamchatka brown bear.The most numerous representatives of the fauna of the land - the insects that make up 80% of the combined species of the peninsula.

Economics edge

Unique region - Kamchatka.The nature of her harsh, colorful and gorgeous.The harsh climate, low population, and most of the undeveloped are the fact that this area - one of the cleanest places on the planet.There is not a single railway, the main transport links - aircraft (airplanes and helicopters), sea and road.

administrative center and largest city - Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky with a population of 200 thousand people.Other significant settlements - Elizovo Paratunka Milkovo, Esso, Anavgay, Ust-Kamchatsky, Kozerevsk and others.

In the mainly local fisheries, metallurgy and agriculture.Very rapidly in recent decades, tourism is developing.Kamchatka, the nature of which is unusual, colorful and harsh, attracts thousands of adventurers who are not only skiing or dog sledding, but also to conquer the mountains, descend into the volcanic craters, visit the Valley of Geysers.The peculiarity of Kamchatka routes is their inaccessibility and unpredictable, so be sure to use the services of an experienced guide.