The sacred dances of ancient Egypt

Extant works of art and literature show that the dance in ancient Egypt was of great importance.In the home circle, in a public place in the church - always and everywhere meets dance.Almost no festivities, no solemn religious ceremony was not without dancing.

dance prevailed in Egypt as an expression of ecstasy, joy.Jubilation and dance is synonymous with poetry Egyptians.Dance ritual was surrounded by most of sacred Egyptian cults.
gods-patrons of fun, music and dance of the Egyptians were Hathor, Nehemaut bearded karlikoobrazny Haty.Haty always portrayed a welcoming sun god, or dance and play musical instruments in front of him or in front of the goddess Hathor.

In ancient Egypt, the myths associated with the cult of Osiris, is reflected in the numerous mysteries, during which dramatic form reproduces the main episodes of the myth.The priestesses perform a dance depicting the search for God, mourning and burial.The drama ended with the raising of the column "Jed", symbolizing the resurrection of

the god, and with it the whole of nature.Dance ritual was a most sacred cults of Egypt.At the temple of Amon there was a special school, which trained priestess-dancers whose life took place in dance.It was the first professional performers.

Temple dancers performed acrobatics, and reliefs could see a woman do the splits, or women who are thrown in the air, and then pick up the two partners, and a man standing on one leg and was going to do a pirouette.

burial and ceremonial dances differed rigor and simplicity, but eventually began to emerge and other more decorative types of dance.Male and female slaves were taught dance for home entertainment.

in Egypt were brought dancers from other countries.There were itinerant troupe of professional actors who played the pantomime, acrobatics performed to the accompaniment of tambourines and castanets.Some time were popular dances of Negro pygmies.

around 1500 BCBayadere - arrived in Egypt temple dancer from South India - significantly changed the strict angularity and some stiffness of Egyptian dance and brought it soft, smooth lines.

also known celestial dance of the priests, who portrayed the harmony of the celestial sphere, the rhythmic motion of celestial bodies in the universe.The dance was held in the temple, around the altar, and delivered in the middle representing the sun.Description of this dance is in Plutarch.According to his explanation, the first priests were moving from east to west, symbolizing the movement of the sky, and then from west to east, which corresponds to the movement of the planets.With the help of gestures and movements of different types of priests were given an idea of ​​the harmony of the planetary system.

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