Terms of consoles "demon" and "no."

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Spelling consoles unemployed (wireless), iz (used) different (distribution), low (the descending) vz- (vs-), impact (restoration) through- (cheres-) will be discussed in this article.It is believed that with the letters "c" and "z" we have different spellings of the same morpheme.In fact, for example, "IP" and "out" have the same meaning: the movement outwardly.Therefore, console one, it is only two options.

general rule when writing "h" and "c" in consoles

When writing "h" and "c" in which the general rule as follows: "h" is written at the end we are interested morpheme if the next console or root beginswith a voiced consonant or with a vowel;and "C" - to the voiceless consonant.This formula is the easiest way to memorize the following: calls from ringing, deaf to deaf.Although this wording is scientifically incorrect to use the term a little, it's easy to remember, and is convenient to use in practice.This principle implies, in particular, the spelling of prefixes "no" and "devil."The rule applies to all listed earlier in this article morpheme.

recall what consonants are deaf, and what - voiced

pronunciation of consonants due to variability in the data set-top boxes.[C] before voiceless consonants pronounced and written "with" and [h] - before the call, as well as vowels, and written "z".At the end of the consoles sound ozvonchaetsya stunned or under the influence of the adjacent vowels or consonants.

can not use these rules consoles (wireless and unemployed), if you do not know what the letters are voiced consonants, and what - deaf.Many believe, for example, that "n" denotes the voiced sound.And it is no coincidence.He really sounds a bit louder other voiceless consonants, but remains deaf.Voiced consonants - a "p", "n", "m", "l", "d", "h", "g", "d", "d", "c", "b".Blind - "u", "h", "c", "x", "c", "sh", "t", "to" f "," n ".

Examples of general rule

Examples include the following. "cloudless" is spelled with a "z", as the letter of this is before a vowel. "Useless" - with a "c", as it is in the position before the deaf. "Relentless" - "h" is written as isBefore you call. "Extract" - "a" in front of the deaf. "scratched" - the same thing. "Distribute" - "h" in a position to call. "overthrown" - the same thing.

Remember these words in writing thatoften make mistakes: scratched, tasteless, ruthless, lifeless, attitude, outlook, surreptitiously, ispodnizu, askance, to disappear, too.

Why and when there was this rule?

This rule comes from the phonetic principle letter. Phoneticprinciple requires writing in accordance with the pronunciation. Of course, he is a slave, justifying the spelling of certain words and forms, established spontaneously, at will, in the absence of common rules.

first rules of writing consoles "demon" and "no", "race" and "time", etc. Were formulated in 1755 in the "Russian grammar" Mikhail Lomonosov.

However, Mikhail wrote in his book, "it seems to me," that is leaving the freedom to choose a native speaker.Yes, and it is not always adhered to this principle.Therefore, a rule almost to the end of the 19th century there has been a recommendation.Attachments people wrote without any rules, "arbitrarily" was heard.Over time, there was a tradition in itself cases stun write "c", and in cases of voicing - "h".

use consoles with "h" and "c" in the 19th century

philologists of the 19th century with the development of the first spelling rules introduced the following restriction: "Attachments and emer- unemployed always written through" z "," chrezpolosny ""boundless", "bezpechny." The rest (distribution, optionally, iz and others) "h" to retain "a" and voiced consonants, and to be deaf to write "a", "razskaz" "get rid of "withhold himself", "cry", "assume".As you can see, it has become much harder to remember, when and set-top boxes should be used "z".We had to write differently than heard.The rule in this variant did not last long.Occurred in 1918, the reform of the Russian language it greatly simplified.

reform Lunacharsky

For almost a hundred years did not cease debate about writing consoles unemployed (wireless), from the time when Lunacharsky in 1921 in the Russian language to introduce the prefix "the devil."It was decided to write it according to the phonetic principle (calls from ringing, and deaf to deaf).Only one version of (anhydrous) existed before the reform.The rest of the consoles that end in "s" and "z" in most cases, had already been accepted to write the way we are accustomed to today.

controversy is that the wireless console coincide with the noun "devil."Opponents of the reform believe that its introduction had been admitted into the Russian language the demons, which will surely ruin the Orthodoxy and the entire Russian people.Therefore, it is necessary to change the spelling of prefixes "no" and "devil."This rule, however, has been around for nearly a century.

also changed during the writing of this reform is still a set-top box - through- (cheres-).There was only one version of its reforms to Lunacharsky (his photo is shown below), and the word "too" people of the time was described as "over".

history of use consoles unemployed (wireless)

for Russian consciousness was first unusual that two options have the prefix un- and wireless.The rule is to assimilate all the same pretty quickly.The reason was that in Russia, which was at the time of the introduction of the reform "uneducated" is not familiar to most of the population were spelling standards.People do not do anything then remained as simply accept them and learn the rules of set-top boxes and wireless unemployed, and through- cheres- and others. However, in later years, many believed that this modernization has been introduced specifically to exalt and glorify evilforce, that is the devil.But the wise old man says that you can not call his name out loud, otherwise it will come to you.In people, to abide scrupulously by this wisdom.She was in the habit of talking a conscious level, the norm of speech.The Wireless

against unemployed

Perhaps the most insidious prefix is ​​the prefix un- and wireless in the Russian language.The rule requires double its use, which significantly changes the meaning of some words.They really seemed to begin to praise impure, if we consider the following items as the root word dvukorennye "heartless," "selfless," "dumb," "shameless," "disgraceful", "useless".

Some representatives of the older generation still carefully use a prefix for an infinite derivation.The village today grandmother grandchildren continue to speak: "Do not call it to yourself, do not cry trouble on his head."

Some believe that the impact of these words shattered moral principles, spiritual foundations left by the ancestors.Words with the prefix wireless unknowingly make a negative sense in the soul, assimilating and enshrined in the vocabulary.Even when the original meaning in them do not realize they are still transmitted to the audience impact.It turns out the negative impact of the growing chain, entangles all people.Some believe that one of the causes of violence in various segments of the population is unemployed, and the prefix is ​​infinite.Rule should be changed so that the second embodiment has disappeared, it is believed.


With the introduction of the two options we are interested in consoles morphology of Russian language in the dictionary any so-called "word-shifters."That is, one written and heard with the other, consciously understood as the third.

striking example that implements the rule of writing consoles unemployed (wireless), was the word "free-hearted", which meant spelling Old Russian language has no heart, cruel man.Everything here was right in the sense - giving a clear response denying consoles.A modern version of writing this word has become a "heartless", that is have a heart devil, good and kind.

in our language, there are many interesting shifters, the occurrence of which determined the spelling of prefixes unemployed (infinity) (generally available today).Linguists believe that this is just a play on words, a coincidence.However, some of our compatriots tend to believe that it is a planned action in order to embitter the people against each other.They were able to see these ambiguous images, which arose when there were two options, where today there is a set-top box: unemployed and wireless.Rule of writing it has meant that there were such a word.

"Powerless" - is a semantic substitution of lead in the human subconscious without the strong-state before a demon.

"Useless" - an attempt to confront him is absolutely no benefit.

"Fearless" - replacing one letter, we have made a strong word that denotes a brave man to be afraid of the devil urging.

"aimlessly" - we are still without a goal and without honor, and he - and single-minded, and honest.

concept of the man who became such because of the replacement of one letter in the console, it becomes very unsightly.And just because there is a rule of writing a modern consoles unemployed (wireless) in the Russian language.The man without a purpose in life, no honor, no compassion and no path.But the devil - solid, honest way, which in this other world and will rule over the people.So vital, sonorous sound "h" with the people lost power before "with" weak sound, as some of our compatriots.

disputes that writing is usually unemployed consoles (wireless) in Russian

Rule is still questioned by some.They appeal to the pre-revolutionary sources.In the dictionary Dahl (his portrait is shown below), for example, we find a clear distinction between the rules of set-top boxes and wireless unemployed with traditional Slavic point of view.

However, only the corrected versions Lunacharskii words dictionaries contain all of the last century.Some believe that it is fundamentally changed the value of a plurality of them, making misunderstandings and confusion in the Russian language.Writing consoles overthrown unemployed, native Slavic revolutionaries distorted image Rusich - strong, glorious.So whether it was in fact, we now hardly know.Terms consoles free of unemployed and still has not been canceled, so they have to follow, whether we like it or not.The debate continues today.Meanwhile, in the schools studied modern spelling rules, including the theme of "The prefix un- and wireless in the Russian language."Rule (Class 5 for the first time acquainted with it) should be sure to comply with in order to write correctly.