emergence and development of the Olympic movement is still an urgent problem, of interest to many scientists.In this issue constantly found new aspects and facets.
Olympic movement owes much of its revival and development of Pierre de Coubertin.This public figure, a sociologist and educator developed ideological principles, theoretical and organizational foundations of the Olympic Movement.He was a key figure in the revival of this long process flow.He laid the foundation of the Olympic idea of rivalry and competitiveness on the rules of fair play.Coubertin believed that the Olympic movement should be carried out under the flag of chivalry.Over the years it developed in the spirit of pacifism that Coubertin explain the incredible needs of mankind in brotherhood and peace.
Kubertenovskie principles for the Olympic movement could be safely applied to any field of activity of the society, since they were based on unity and the peaceful settlement of disputes.According to Coubertin, the Olympic movement must proclaim the principles of mutual respect and tolerance in relation to political, religious, national views of the opponent, respect and understanding of other cultures and points of view.As an educator, he hoped that the Olympic principles pronizhut process of family and social upbringing.
Pierre de Coubertin was able to carry out a grand plan - to revive the Olympic Games.And though this idea was in the air throughout the century, the purposeful public figure able to grasp the historical moment and put it into practice.He not only brought the sport into wide practice, but also deeply understand its theoretical aspects, foreseeing all possible problems in the area.
first full concept Coubertin regarding Olympism, was presented in 1892 at the Sorbonne.At that time, Coubertin was the secretary general of the French Athletics Union.Then it was made an official proposal on the resumption of the Olympic Games.
In June 1894 the Olympic movement was revived by agreement of 10 countries.Began its existence, the International Olympic Committee, Olympic Charter was adopted.The first Olympics were scheduled for 1896 in Athens.
Ancient agony and the modern Olympic movement are very similar.Firstly, without the existence of the ancient agony could be no question of their revival.The very name of the movement repeats the name of the ancient races.Modern games are held with the same frequency - once every four years.It has not changed and the appointment of the Games: they are held to maintain peace and tranquility, to strengthen the friendship between the peoples.Competitions are organized on modern games, largely coincide with the Greek agon competitions: discus and javelin, running over short and medium distances, the pentathlon, wrestling, long jump and so on. An important role played by rituals, followed by the international Olympic movement.These rituals also have Greek roots: the Olympic flame, the Olympic Torch, the Olympic oath.Even some of the rules and the terms have come to us with the ancient Greek agony.
began as an attempt to save the world, the Olympic Movement continues to maintain this function in the modern world.At least, the revival of the Olympic Games was aimed at achieving convergence of backgammon and world understanding.