seemed the people will rise up, when it was decided to reform the existing exemptions of certain categories of vulnerable people.Let us remember how it was, and what led to date.
law on monetization: the main reasons for his decision
last year celebrated its tenth anniversary, is probably one of the most bustling of laws adopted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation.Monetization - it is what is not said just lazy.Abolition of privileges to many segments of the population, and seemed well-being of pensioners suddenly drop several times in their performance.
law on monetization of social benefits was adopted in 2004 and predicted dramatic changes in the system of providing assistance to vulnerable people.The concept was as follows:
- minimal intervention of officials in the process of providing assistance to those who need it;
- improve the welfare of the population due to the cancellation of "empty promises" of the reform and compensation in the form of banknotes;
- monetization ratio should increase significantly, and financial potential of the country is more stable;
- utility tariffs will be available for all sectors of the population;
- and most importantly - the regional authorities will have their own powers, which does not interfere with the federal management sector.
real government proposals
As a result of the adopted Law on the monetization of citizens belonging to socially vulnerable groups, have been divided into two categories: those taken care of regional authorities and those who watch over the feds.
By last began to be financed costs of Hero of Socialist Labour, the USSR, the Order of Labor Glory, Chernobyl, as well as relatives and direct participants of the Great Patriotic War.On the other took care of the regional authorities.
These citizens were deprived of free travel benefits, medical support and other.However, in return they received compensation (which ranges from 150-1500 Russian rubles), subsidies for utilities and other surcharges.
What difficulties have concluded the implementation of the bill
First of all, the factor of monetization in the early years did not increase as much as expected.This was the reason that the budget on a regional scale has not received adequate funding from the state.As monetization - is a comprehensive program, that on this issue it was necessary to work for a few years before the introduction of the bill.Therefore, the implementation of planned reforms did not go so smooth and rosy, and in some areas still remain those who have the privileges.
a wave of protests swept across the country.And the reason this is not enough only a comprehensive approach to the implementation of the bill.Moreover, the information base was so weak that the vast majority of beneficiaries did not have any idea about the size of their own compensation.
monetization of the economy: the negative side
Undoubtedly, if we evaluate the project from the point of view of the state, it is fully economically justified - why not?For the financial stability of the country is only for the good reinforcement of the money supply.
But who thinks of the main objects of the bill - directly benefit recipients?For them, the monetization - is a denial of the very confidence in the future.The protests were not simply due to the harmfulness of representatives of pensioners and other vulnerable groups.The amount of compensation is really so minuscule that they even impossible to cover the costs of travel, to say nothing about medical self-sufficiency.
In the first year of the law held a social poll.Only a third of respondents were confident that reforms can actually lead to positive results.
In the initial period of introduction of the bill was hard to believe that among the vulnerable population there is a category of citizens for whom the monetization - it is quite positive changes brought improvement of their welfare.Let us remember those beneficiaries who live in rural areas.
These people do not use public transport, so the free ride they do not need.And the benefits for installation of telephone they do not need, because they have no way to draw a line in your home.This category of citizens received at least some increase in their pension, even if only slightly.So for them the monetization of benefits - not such a scourge.
With regard to urban beneficiaries, they also did not lose and suffer from innovations in the legislation.They started complaining about his own disability, as this category has the highest rate of compensation.
Ten years later: the monetization of today
After a considerable period of time it must be said that the monetization of benefits was the right decision, but most experts say: the bill was not adopted at all time.Ten years ago, the Russian economy was not ready for such reforms because of large fiscal failure.
But now, as shown by years of experience, many of the categories of people who were put money instead of benefits, yet chose first.And this is important.Since taking an active part in improving the economic situation of the country, our people manifests consciousness for the benefit of the Fatherland.It is important that the people had the decade in order to understand and get used a lot, even in such painful at first glance, to change.