«Duma" Lermontov was written in 1838, at a time when the writer returned from exile.The poem is written in poetic form, are widely used at the time of poets-Decembrists.By genre work, as well as "Death of a Poet", belongs to the elegy, satire.Mikhail in "Duma" accuses his generation of cowardice, indifference and inaction.Young people condemn the error generation "fathers", but they do not do anything, refusing to fight and not taking part in public life.
main theme of the poem
«Duma" Lermontov his satire is directed not to court society, which previously was angry poet, and the whole aristocratic intelligentsia 30-ies of the XIX century.Writer characterizes an entire generation to which he belongs, not in vain, he uses the pronoun "we."Mikhail himself reproaches of inaction equates to a helpless and miserable people did not do anything for posterity.Generation 1810-1820-ies was quite different from his increased freedom Decembrists, even if they were wrong, and badly paid for it, but at least they tried to change the country for the better.
poet sincerely regrets that not born a few decades earlier, because his contemporaries are boring and useless to society.They are not interested in art or poetry, do not talk about good and evil, all the forces trying to remain neutral and not to provoke the wrath of the authorities, withdrew from public life, occupying himself "a barren science", and in fact did not like that Lermontov."Duma", the theme of which reveals the character of an entire generation of the 1830s, dedicated to human social behavior, it is the cry of a tortured soul of the poet.
contemplation of the past, present and future
«Duma" Lermontov clearly shows how the writer refers to the generation of the "fathers", contemporaries and descendants.Mikhail admires the courage and bravery of the Decembrists, even if they were wrong, but their heroic feats have left their mark in the history of the country, stirred up the public, marked the beginning of popular protest against the tyranny of those in power.At the same time contemporaries Lermontov nothing wrong, but they did not do.The soul of the poet's spoiling for a fight, he wants to change something, to protest, but did not see like-minded people, and single-handedly fight meaningless."Duma" Lermontov is sorry about misspent time lived.
Civil Court of contemporaries
To make the poem more vivid and accessible to express his thoughts, the author used baring emotion epithets apt metaphor, words in a figurative sense.Each stanza is a complete thought.Lermontov's poem "Duma" condemns the intelligentsia of the 1830s, living 'mind late fathers. "Decembrists were burned and severely punished for disobedience, the next generation has recognized useless struggle and come to terms with the order of things.Educated people do not have strong convictions, goals, principles, loyalties, they go flat road, but there is no sense in it.Lermontov very distressed by this and blames himself in powerlessness and futility.