no pesticides in the garden do, of course, impossible.They are used to control insects, fungus, weeds and harmful microorganisms.However, since the use of these substances in any way harmful to health, it is necessary to try to minimize it.The following article provides a detailed talk about what can replace pesticides.
Classification of pesticides
Currently vacationers and residents of rural areas in the gardens such varieties of chemicals used:
- herbicides.This group is used to control weeds in the beds.The most commonly used two kinds of them: sopranos (to dry the stems and roots) and defoliants (to remove the leaves from the branches).The frequency and duration of work with pesticides of this type depends on the weed species.Typically, to remove unwanted grass enough for one or two treatments.
- Fungicides.They are used for treatment of crop plants against fungal diseases.
- Insecticides.Used for ridding the garden or the garden from pests.
- rodenticide.This variety is intended to deal with mice, shrews, moles and rats.
- Afitsidy.A separate group of chemicals used to combat specific aphid.
- Repellents.Apply insect repellent.
Then look at how you can replace toxic chemicals each of these specific groups.
to minimize the use of herbicides
find a natural substitute herbicides, of course, difficult.Tinctures and decoctions no weeds in the garden is not destroyed.Output is only one - hand weeding.But perhaps someone will come in handy one rather interesting method of controlling weeds in carrots and parsley.These two plants are not afraid of kerosene.In contrast to the clogging of wild herbs.Therefore, the first "weeding" can hold it with use of the substance.Dissolve 100 g of kerosene desyatilitrovom bucket of water and spray the newly risen carrot.The result will be noticeable the next day.Carrots will remain intact, the young shoots of quinoa and other weeds die.Of course, kerosene health also of little use.However, until the spring of him or in the soil, or in plants themselves will be nothing left.
Than to replace fungicides
Then see what you can replace toxic chemicals designed to combat fungal diseases of crop plants.One of the most effective ways to get rid of such problems is garlic.For example, to combat powdery mildew and late blight can be used such extract: 25 g of crushed garlic and carefully added to the slurry, 1 liter of water.Insist the resulting mixture during the day.Then it is filtered and used for spraying plants.
also against fungal diseases can be used conventional wood or straw ashes.Another way to combat this kind of infection is an infusion of dried marigold flowers (half a bucket of half a bucket of water at + 40 grams of soap, leave for 2 days).In addition, anti-fungus helps Horsetail (21 g per liter of cold water, boil for 30 minutes, filter and add water to 4.5 liters).
Than to replace insecticides
about plants used in place of fungicides, we talked quite detailed.Now let's get to what can replace toxic chemicals designed to get rid of pests.A very effective means against them are the same garlic, as well as tobacco.The latter can be used, for example, to combat the larvae of sawfly (400 grams of tobacco 10 liters of hot water, leave for 2 days + 40 grams of soap).Also, to get rid of this pest, you can use the infusion of ash (3 kg per 10 liters of water to withstand 2 days).
Matured mixture of garlic and the water is very good at helping weevil on strawberry, raspberry beetle, sucker.200-500 grams of this vegetable is thoroughly ground burning.Further slurry poured 3-5 liters of hot water.The resulting solution is infused for five days.
Against berry bugs, caterpillars Belyanko cabbage, cruciferous flea beetles, plodozhorok, herbivorous moth can use tomato broth.To do this, crushed 4 kg of fresh green stepchildren, pour ten liters of water and insist 3-4 hours.The mixture was refluxed for an hour.The broth is filtered and used for spraying.
Against the onion, carrot and cabbage fly, you can use pine powder.For its production of small sprigs of spruce needles with mince, dried and powdered with plants and the soil around them.
against slugs can use ordinary cement.They pollinate plants and the soil under the aisle at the rate of 50 g per 1 m2.This treatment should be carried out in the morning or in the evening.
fight against aphids traditional methods
These types of pesticides as afitsidy can also be replaced by infusions and decoctions of plants.In order to combat aphids are commonly used garlic, mustard or marigold softwood mixture.In the latter case, the 2 tbsp.tablespoons mustard infused water for two days.Then the volume of the mixture is brought to 10 liters and it is added 1-2 tbsp.tablespoons pine extract.
also against aphids, you can use nettles.To do this, it tops fresh crushed and soaked in cold water per day.It helps from this harmful insects and wormwood.For the preparation of funds from aphids 2-3 kg of dry grass is diluted with water and boil for half an hour.Then the broth is filtered and made up to 10 liters.
The use of pesticides in agriculture, designed for rodent control can also be minimized in any case on his personal dacha.For this commonly used method such as growing plants in the garden, intolerable mice.For example, the spring in places particular cluster of rodents is to put coriander.It is not like these pests as red elder, mint and coriander.Can help from mice and washing powder with a strong smell, placed in special characters throughout the site.
addition, experienced gardeners to get rid of these rodents are advised to zamulchirovat tree trunks of trees and shrubs from celandine chaff.The bark of young trees can protect mice from simply wrapping the trunks are cut at the bottom of plastic bottles filled with the work done in these holes.
Soil contamination with pesticides to no good cause, of course, can not.Meanwhile, people's means of struggle against insects, fungi and rodents, there are many.Take advantage of them, and you will save your garden from many misfortunes, while protecting yourself and your family from the harmful effects of toxic substances.