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From sumptuous Indian pilaf, Uzbek pilaf, to creamy Italian risotto - rice is famous throughout the world.Like other grains, rice appeared on the planet about ten thousand years ago, when the great glaciers melted and left a large marshy area where is now in India, Thailand and China.We can say that since the rice became a staple of the three-quarters of the inhabitants of the world.

Every small plant contains from 100 to 200 grains of rice.This cereal and all cereals, consists of a starch, i.e. carbohydrates.It makes rice is very nutritious because it is rich in proteins, vitamins, minerals and fiber, easily digested.However, unlike other cereals, it has no gluten, making it ideal for patients with celiac disease or intolerance to protein crops.

From China to Japan, including India and Indonesia, rice - is more than just products.It is part of the culture and civilization of these countries.In addition rice is considered a gift of the gods, a symbol of fertility and life.This symbolism is present in many Mediterranean countries where there is a tradition of sprinkling rice newlyweds, wishing them good luck and happiness.

likely in the western world rice brought by Alexander the Great after conquering India in 350 g BC.Widespread rice in Mediterranean countries is considered to be due to the Arab culture, but areologicheskie excavations have revealed that the rice used even earlier, in 630 g of BC.It is believed that rice was one of the products that are traded on the market spices in Alexandria, although it was significantly cheaper than the pepper.

In 1300, rice was first mentioned in the records of the Duke of Savoy in Piedmont (Northern Italy).In XV century the figure mentioned in a letter written to the Duke of Milan and the XVI century Milan is surrounded by rice fields, glistening in the sun.With centuries of rice cultivation spread throughout Lombardy, Piedmont and Venice, Italy today - the largest supplier of rice in Europe.

In the Philippines, found more than 10 thousand varieties of rice, of which bred more than 5 thousand.In Italy, only 50 varieties are grown.

eat rice - it means to eat."Anyone who offers rice, offering life itself" Buddha said, recognizing the nutritional value of rice as a recognized and many other ancient cultures.Hippocrates, the ancient Olympians forced to eat rice before and after the event, preparing for them a mixture eptasanei, consisting of various cereals, water and honey.It is not far gone from what modern sportspemy eating, preparing for competitions.

Scientists have confirmed that figure, like other carbohydrates, can correct the lack of essential vitamins and minerals, caused by the excessive consumption of semi-finished products, widely existing in the world today.The rice contains a lot of vitamins B, as well as vitamin E and PP, and among the minerals contained in the rice are calcium, copper, iron, potassium, manganese, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc and selenium.And if that was not enough, in every 100 grams of uncooked rice is 4.1 grams of protein.

In the next article we will tell you about what varieties of rice exist, but also help to learn how to cook and delicious to cook.

Articles Source: sushi-planet.ru