Each person has an allergy can manifest itself in different ways, but most often it is expressed in the appearance of a cold.The reason may be a variety of stimuli, in any case, this phenomenon gives a lot of inconvenience.But the question arises: if you have allergic rhinitis was found, than to treat this disease, which tools will be effective and that you can take to minimize the chance of relapse?
What is Allergic Rhinitis Allergic rhinitis
(rhinitis) may be accompanied by rhinorrhea (runny nose).Its appearance is characterized by shortness of breath, swollen nasal passages, itching or burning, lays nose starts sneezing.It is possible that these symptoms may be accompanied by inflammation of the mucous membranes of the eyes (conjunctivitis).But in each case, a person may notice additional individual manifestations.Also, in a particular month of the year there may be a constant runny nose.The reasons for such manifestations are different.
What causes allergic rhinitis Allergic rhinitis
develops against the background of hypersensitivity to a certain allergen.It appears immediately or after 20 minutes after contact with an irritant.For such a person can become an allergen pollen, dust accumulated on the shelves of libraries or at home, some medications, certain foods.Furthermore, it may develop an allergy to cats, insects, mushrooms (mold or yeast).But some people are facing this problem due to a genetic predisposition.
But how to differentiate allergic rhinitis from the common cold?Below are some signs marked:
- itchy nose.
- colorless watery discharge.If you get the stimulus may begin protracted bouts of sneezing.
- Feeling stuffy nose, which becomes more noticeable during the night.
- Often this is accompanied by conjunctivitis, rhinitis, itching in the eye and even swelling of the face.Also not ruled out the emergence of a cough, and this, in turn, can lead to asthma.
- otolaryngologist examination shows a pale and fragile membrane of the nose, with watery discharge are.Can develop pharyngitis.
- are indoors, people feel a constant runny nose.The reasons for this vary, but usually cause allergic chemical smells, tobacco smoke, perfume, powder and other household chemicals, industrial fragrances or new furniture.
consequences of allergic rhinitis
If a person has the allergy, the symptoms will always occur shortly after contact with the stimulus (it is individual for each).If it is hay fever, the symptoms will be present for a long time until the blossom trees, shrubs and weeds.From frequent combing such people, even a transverse crease on the nose.In addition, constant nasal stuffiness channel leads to the fact that a person begins to breathe only through your mouth.This situation usually results in a stagnant processes and the formation of polyps, sinusitis or otitis media development.Mucosal edema can lead to blockage of the sinuses.In addition, often smell vanishes and, as a consequence, the sense of taste.If rhinitis is seasonal, complications are usually not observed.
In some cases, exacerbate the patient's condition can be properly chosen diet.Sometimes the most effective allergy remedy - is removed from the diet of certain foods.For example, if a person has seen a reaction to pollen, it is important to determine exactly what period it occurs.In the spring months usually bloom poplar, hazel, birch and other trees.If during this period an allergy, it is best to eliminate from the diet of potatoes, parsley, honey, pears and apples.This is necessary to avoid cross-reactivity.If irritation begins in August and September when ragweed bloom and swans, it is desirable to give up mayonnaise, cabbage, watermelon and honey.But that's not the whole list of products, as there are many things that can cause cross-allergies.Be sure to consult with your allergist.
determined by the nature of the disease
Before you decide what to treat allergic rhinitis, it is important to determine the source of the problem.Find out the reason, you can cope with the disease.But it is important to identify the source of allergy seem allergist, who will appoint the passage analyzes.This may be giving blood or skin tests.Having a source of irritation, you need to minimize your contact with him.If it turned out that it is a reaction to bloom, in this period it is better to go on vacation, if the food, they should be excluded, and so on.
Allergic rhinitis: a disease than to treat
When seasonal rhinitis necessarily make nasal lavage.In pharmacies sell inexpensive device called the "Dolphin", which is convenient to carry out this procedure.It consists of a vial, tube and cover.Use it to regulate the supply of liquid and reduce the discomfort to a minimum.The cure for allergic rhinitis, which will be washing, you can do it yourself.For this purpose, a glass of water drops 1/4 teaspoon baking soda and salt are added a few drops of iodine.The tool is placed in the device.If you wish, you can buy at the pharmacy solution bags.Moreover, perfectly valid from allergic rhinitis spray based on sea water.It may be "Aqua Maris", "Akvalor", "Marimer", "Allergol."
As mentioned before to treat allergic rhinitis, it is important to find out his character.If you do not know what causes the irritation, the treatment becomes useless, and at times can be detrimental to health.
reveal the nature of the disease, can proceed to the next stage:
- Getting rid of inflammation, which appeared on the mucous membranes of the nose.
- allergic-specific therapy.
most often to get rid of the inflammation, an integrated approach, which involves several medications.So, how to treat allergic rhinitis what drugs are prescribed by doctors?
Usually it antihistamines, issued in the form of tablets or drops.Today doctors are advised to use second-generation drugs such as "Tsetrin" "Zodak" "Kestin" "Claritin", and the third generation - is "Erius" "Zirtek" "Telfast".Depending on the age of the patient is regulated dosage.Typically, the treatment should last two to three weeks.But if you apply to the doctor, he assigns the number of days in its sole discretion (taking into account the patient's condition).It should be noted that self-prescribe such drugs currently banned.Before treating allergic rhinitis without consulting a doctor, you should consider the fact that these drugs always have side effects, and very often they have a cardiotoxic effect has a negative effect on the heart.The drugs of the last generation are considered less dangerous to health, but their cost is high.
Sprays and drops of rhinitis
If these drugs are not able to bring relief, the next step will be a drop in the nose of allergic rhinitis and sprays that act directly on the nasal mucosa.In mild symptoms usually assigned "Kromoglin", "Kromosol", "kromogeksal", ie derivatives of sodium cromoglycate.These tools are found in the form of sprays.They need to use all the time until reaching the aggravation, three times a day, making one or two injections.The result can be noticed only after the fifth day, and sometimes even later.Typically, these drugs are not without cost treatment of allergic rhinitis in children.As these funds are more to prevention, the course can last up to four months.But doctors do not prohibit the use such sprays the whole year.
also gained popularity means "Nazaval."At its heart is a plant cellulose.This spray on allergic rhinitis used up to six times per day.After injection of its contents into the nose mucous is formed on the shell, which serves as a barrier, preventing the stimulus to influence the sensitive areas.If the disease is an acute form, the tool will be ineffective.
In severe allergic rhinitis can use sprays such as "Nasonex", "Aldetsin", "Nazarel", "Benarin", "Nasobek" "Flixonase".The doctor will determine the duration of the course of the treatment.
error in treating drops
often using the nose drops from allergic rhinitis, a person makes a mistake - a long time enjoyed vasoconstrictor agents.Typically, these funds ("Naphthyzinum", "Vibrocil" and so on. N.) Help make breathing easier nose.But using them for a long time, the patient increases the likelihood of drug rhinitis.Sometimes, depending on the severity, you may need surgery to get rid of acquired disease.When allergic rhinitis is desirable not to use these drops.You can make an exception only when a strong nasal congestion, but then you need to switch to intranasal steroids.
Some people can not help, no cure for allergic rhinitis, while others may have contraindications for such drugs.In these cases, you can resort to a completely radical way to fight - the allergen-specific therapy.However, such treatment should be engaged in only an experienced doctor, and only in a hospital.The principle is administered to a patient specific dose of allergen.Gradually, the dose should be increased.All that is necessary to ensure that the organism was able to develop resistance to the stimulus.If treatment is successful, the symptoms of allergic rhinitis in full retreat.This method is tried and already thousands of people were satisfied with the result, because they were able to get rid of the torments of their symptoms.
can also be used in the treatment of a homeopathic remedy for allergic rhinitis called "Rinosennay."
As you know, traditional medicine helps to fight many diseases, but, unfortunately, allergic rhinitis, it can not cure.Often, treatment charges, infusions and decoctions can worsen the condition of the person, since allergies like to be aggravated by exposure.It is not necessary to listen to the advice of friends and neighbors who allegedly cured by traditional methods of allergic rhinitis.There is only one safe "home" method to facilitate the state - a nasal lavage with saline channels.But it is worth considering that the measure is not a cure, so do not delay, but rather to acquire a drop of allergic rhinitis in a pharmacy on the advice of a physician.This is necessary because the use of a saline solution is not able to bring a tangible, lasting therapeutic effect.
Allergic rhinitis during childbearing
When starting to develop allergic rhinitis during pregnancy, women and doctors are sounding the alarm, because many treatments, including people, can not be used.The disease on the fetus has virtually no influence.But properly selected treatments, as well as if the state has grown more severe, increasing the threat to the baby.To identify the cause of allergies, a woman should have a blood test.To take samples from the skin at this time is impossible.
Treatment during gestation baby
Firstly, it is worth remembering that to treat allergic rhinitis during pregnancy antihistamines prohibited because they can harm the fetus.If you are in an urgent need, it is better to give preference to third-generation facilities.But the dosage strictly appoints and controls the doctor.
Treatment should be local and affect only the nasal passages.Therefore, the doctor may prescribe a spray or drops from allergic rhinitis with the content of sodium cromoglycate.In any case, the basis of such drugs should be vegetable cellulose.But it is important to note that in the first three months of gestation and do not use nasal corticosteroids.
Lifestyle in allergic rhinitis
main task in the event of allergic symptoms - is to reduce contact with an irritant to the possible minimum.But it can be identified only after the diagnosis.Next, the doctor must give their recommendations.
All allergens are divided into:
- household (house dust, feather pillows);
- food (various products);
- industrial (powders, detergents);
- epidermal (animal dander, feathers);
Once identified allergen, it is easier to consider further measures.For example, if a person rents a food allergy tests that show exactly which products are not compatible with the body.They have to be removed from the diet.
If detected household allergens recommended daily wet cleaning.At the time of the harvest must be stored in a sling or a mask that will prevent the ingress of dust on the mucous membranes.Furthermore, all bedding shall be made only of hypoallergenic materials.It is also advisable not to hold in his apartment "dust collectors".These include mattresses, rugs, fabric and stuffed toys and stuff.Also, do not forget to clean the blinds is much easier than ever to wash heavy curtains.Furniture should be made of material that can be wiped with a damp cloth.While cleaning is necessary to use acaricides, since they are able to destroy the mites that live in house dust.It is not a secret that these parasites are to blame for 50% of household allergies.
If irritation is the fault of the pollen of trees and flowers, then you have to give up visits to the country.It is possible to arrange an evening stroll around town (22 hours).It was at this time in the air decreases the concentration of pollen.Also in the first half of the day do not open their windows.The apartment can be installed air cleaner.Many companies seek to make their herbal cosmetics.People with pollen allergies should refrain from the use of such substances.Also in the period when flowering begins, you can take off and try to get out of their region.The destination is better to choose the sea or mountainous terrain.In these areas, the concentration of pollen always minimal.
Unfortunately, modern medicine has not yet developed measures that allow for prevention, and to reduce the likelihood of developing allergic rhinitis.If the disease has already defeated man, all comes down to prevention, to reduce the contact with the irritant, and select the appropriate remedy for allergic rhinitis.This is necessary because, in the absence of proper treatment, the disease begins to progress.In this case, all the symptoms will increase.
Allergies and pets
Approximately 15% of the population are faced with difficulties when they develop allergies to pet hair.But the reaction of the person has not itself wool, and that is on it.Pets are licking and keep on the fibers of their saliva and skin cells.They cause irritation.But how?Animal cells are strong enough proteins when they enter the human body with a weak immune system, then they begin to be perceived as a threat, and that triggered a defensive reaction.Side effects of these "contact" manifested in allergy.It may be watery eyes, skin rashes, rhinitis and asthma.Most of the time people are allergic to cats, but other animals may also be sources of painful symptoms.
How to cope with allergies to pets
often prevent this reaction to wool can not.However, to minimize the risk of this type of allergy is possible.For this preparation begins from childhood.If the child has seen a tendency to allergies should not immediately give a cat or other animal.