most armies of the world have a marked and distinguish between the title and the stripes on uniforms.Russia is not an exception.Russian soldiers and their Ukrainian and Belarusian counterparts actively use elements for determining the soldiers belonging to this or that kind of troops on the front and field clothes.When there were patches?What items of clothing historically preceded them?As they usually wear?
What are badges?
Members of the armed forces of almost any army in the world is presented in a variety of military ranks.In order to understand which of the military - soldiers, and who - the general, there are so-called insignia.The main ones are considered epaulets, fixes are usually on the shoulder areas of military uniforms.But apart from these, there are also other types of insignia, including the stripe.In uniform, they are attached by means of sewing stitches - hence the name.
They are located mainly in the arms of military clothing.In addition to the distinctive features, patches can sometimes reflect some achievements soldier, belonging to any kind of troops or units.This element army clothes popular in a civilian environment.With stripes represent the people belonging to any organization, movement and association.
Manufacturing techniques stripes
universal standard manufacturing no stripes, each garment factory uses its own technology.Quite popular option when the patch is a cloth, taped quality interlining (stiffening).Such samples are usually resistant to outside influences, laundry.Their shape will remain for a long time.There are stripes, produced with the help of sublimation (or thermal transfer).They are characterized by the possibility of applying to them any images.Sewn to the fabric stripes can manually or using sewing machines.There are devices that are capable of application patches within large quantities of clothes - "pipeline" method.There are those that are adapted to the treatment of certain types of clothing - trousers, jackets, baseball caps.
Among the popular insignia - chevrons.This word is of French origin, is (in the most common treatment) rafter (usually, vehicular).Chevron considered stripes on uniforms in the form of V-shaped elements.Can be made of braid, cord, braids.They have, as a rule, on the sleeves.At a time when the armed forces of our country called the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army, what is now known as Chevron, named "Patches of differences."
This element is used in heraldry (consisting of flags and coats of arms), as an architectural component (to describe parts of structures, patterns), to combat military vehicles (mainly as insignia).Many soldiers of the Russian army, conscripts, called chevrons image or stripes on clothes that do not necessarily have a V-shape.
story of chevrons
As such, the word "chevron" appeared and began to spread in the Middle Ages.The fact is that in ancient times even the officers of sailing vessels sewed Patches on camisoles in the form of rafters, that is triangular.This was done to the ship commanders were clearly seen in the course of battle."Chevron", as already mentioned above - is "a rafter" in French.Despite the fact that the form of stripes, which is located on a military uniform, in future years could differ from the classic triangle, the name "chevron" left.
Historians have noted that over time the purpose of chevrons changed.In some periods of military chevrons on the sleeves of the soldiers meant seniority in rank.At other times the number of stripes could mean a number of soldier received injuries or lifetime.Patches are not the exclusive attribute of military clothing.They were used in civilian life.For example, as characters or social occupational clothing accessories carrier.
How are signs that distinguish ranks in the army
Stripes for uniform - it is one of the many insignia used by the military.Among other - straps, Badges (on hats), epaulettes, gorgets, buttons, edgings.Insignia fixed on military uniforms to denote rank military, class rank, position, or the rank of private.Often - to determine the affiliation to a specific soldier's combat arm or agency.The first decorations were in the days of tribal relations.They are used to people belonging to different genera, are able to distinguish each other (and the ones that were one - to make mutual authentication).Insignia helped people form a hierarchy in the relationship.Prototype of modern stripes some historians believe tattoos.The first insignia attached or pictures on the clothes, according to some historians, was in ancient China.Use of such marks also legionaries in the army of the Roman Empire.Gradually stripes on uniforms and began to place soldiers of other European powers.
military and nonmilitary form
in Russian military uniform status is determined at the state level the Heraldry Council under the President.This type of clothing worn by citizens, serving in several government.It is the Russian Defense Ministry, the Interior Ministry, the FSB, the Federal Security Service, Foreign Intelligence Service of Russia, Ministry of Emergency Situations, and the Federal Agency for Special Construction Ministry of Defence and the General Directorate of Special Programs of the President of Russia.For other departments, there are two other kinds of shapes - clothes civil servants of the state law enforcement officers with special titles, as well as the clothes of civil servants and the civil service law enforcement, having class ranks.
Differences ranks on the lapels
In many modern armies or military units (for example, in the armed forces of Russia) used the so-called clip-on decals.This emblem (almost always paired), is located on the uniform collar (lapel).In the days of the Russian Empire were the main insignia insignia.
But buttonholes appeared after the 1917 revolution.For the first time historians have documented their use in 1922.Emblems of the combat arms were introduced in 1924, and a year later the Soviet Union's military command has decided that the soldiers are required to wear a buttonhole, which have decals on service categories and specialties, as well as emblems of units (parts).In 1935, there were ranks in the sound, close to the modern.Lapel insignia used in the Soviet Army until 1943, when they were introduced epaulettes (instead of emblems buttonholes steel post on the button itself).
the far right wearing of insignia changed.In the 1950s, it was returned to the tradition of wearing the emblem on the lapels and kept it until 1994.After the buttonhole is not worn (except for the location of the emblems at the corners of collars and epaulettes).But in 2004, it was introduced "Classic" logo.The form includes a clip-Russian army insignia almost all military branches.
chevrons in the army of the Russian Federation
official name of chevrons in the modern Russian army - "Patches of differences."They determine the affiliation to a specific soldier army formation.Location stripes on the uniform - the left sleeve of his uniform.
Officially chevrons have most combat arms of the Russian Federation, but not in all.Patches differences are Russian military General Staff, Land Forces soldiers, employees of the Defense Ministry, the Russian Air Force pilots, sailors of the Navy, Airborne paratroopers and soldiers serving in the missile forces and units of aerospace defense forces of the Russian Federation.
Army of Ukraine: the elements of military uniforms
In those countries, the army which uses patches on military uniforms - Ukraine.In particular, the elements have armbands on their uniforms marines.These patches are used so that you can determine which part is the military.
They are worn on the left sleeve, and are located at 10 cm from the edge of the ring.In the form field in another way: on the left sleeve has a patch pocket.It is fixed and badge.
Army Belarus: Features differences titles
Stripes for uniform insignia as widely used by Belarusian military.Depending on the grade, the soldiers of the Republic of Belarus are of a certain type of clothing and insignia.For example, soldiers and sergeants (when wearing ceremonial tunics) worn epaulets sewn red, ensigns - khaki, officers - gold.Regardless of rank, in the field uniform of khaki shoulder straps are used, besides they are removable.On ceremonial shirts - shoulder straps of the same color as on the tunic, but, as in the case of the field form, removable.