management is a dynamic process, carried out and directed by managers through the use of various techniques and methods.It is from the latter and forms management system in management.A well-chosen methods should assist in the implementation of the effective functioning of the management and control subsystems controlled.
management techniques in management can be classified according to various criteria.So, depending on the extent of their use of the system is isolated, general and local management practices.Common methods can be used in all management processes, system - only in any specific management systems, aimed at the local and individual elements of management systems.According to another classification methods are separated by areas of industry and government.This includes methods used in public administration, commerce, industry, business, etc.
plays an important role not only the methods but also control functions in management.Their appearance is connected with the division of labor and specialization, as all the administrative processes of the enterprise carried out by means of functional separation.Any function should create such administrative conditions by which would ensure the most efficient communication between the elements of the control system.At the present stage of development distinguish such basic control functions in management as:
· Planning - management function, the essence of which is to establish goals and ways to achieve them.The end result should be a system of planning plans, consisting of corporate, functional plans, plans for employees and others.
· Organization (of organizing) - Control function, which develops management structure, as well as the distribution of powers and responsibilities.
· Motivation - management function, the essence of which is to encourage people to work, which has a certain target orientation.
· Control - control function, ensuring the achievement of the organization's goals.
management functions are carried out by the management in the process - activities requiring a certain amount of time and resources.Through this process approach in the management failed to consider the interdependence and interrelation of control functions.Process management is a sequence of features, or rather, the primary sequence of actions to implement the functions.The bonding process in management is the process of decision making and communication process.Recently, this includes tselepologaniya process, because in the beginning of any activity, you must first set the goal of functioning.
Under the process of communication implied exchange of information between a certain number of people.Through communications managers can obtain the information needed to make a decision and tell you about the decisions to employees.When communications are poorly organized, decisions are often wrong.If we talk about the process of decision - that is the choice of alternatives.
control functions in management lead managers to the adoption of a wide variety of solutions.So, when planning is necessary to set a goal, determine the necessary resources, to choose how to achieve goals and objectives.At the organization need to work the structure of production and management, as well as carry out work organization of professionals and workers.The process involves the establishment of motivation and analysis of unmet needs, the definition of incentive effects, etc.The monitoring function involves making decisions on the use of means of communication, coordination of structural units, etc.
Taki, the control functions in management should contribute to adapt the organizational structure to the tasks for the implementation of activities, as well as recruiting employees for the job, the definition of the right to use the organization's resources.