Segmentation of the labor market in action

At the present stage of development of economic relations as it may seem strange to some, not only ordinary people, but experts remain, as before, the human potential of the artist.Certainly, great importance is the technological and technical progress, the introduction of the most advanced technologies, which are largely able to replace the person on the monotonous and routine work to eliminate harmful and dangerous conditions, but the more important becomes the role of creativity in many professions.Thus, the results of the production depends on the quality of work is highly professional and highly skilled workforce.As a result, the segmentation of the labor market receives recently more and more pronounced contours.

Why there is labor market segmentation

Everyone is familiar triad "capital-to-ground-work", which is the basis for increasing productivity and thus revenue.Only the last few decades in the macroeconomic scale complex international marketing has shown that it has become a determining f

actor labor is skilled labor.The result of such events, of course, is an effort to segmentation of the labor market, that is, a situation where the skilled person is not economically feasible to move to another area, which greatly hinders the movement of labor.It should be noted that segments of the global labor market has largely emerged as a stable, inactive form.

prospects for change

But this is only one side of the coin.As practice shows, there is only the fact of unilateral or completely sustainable process.Of course, the segmentation of the global market stimulates the development of specialists narrow profile, moreover, employers are willing to invest quite heavily in training, the training of their workers and employees (for example, in the United States we are talking about tens of billions of dollars only to private capital, not to mention the state,where this figure comes to hundreds).But there is in this process and reverse the process.Please note that the fundamental principles of most developed countries (at least de jure) a social orientation of production, that is at the forefront put social protection of workers.However, this fact means, at least, the mobility of the latter.Thus, all the more common different kinds of retraining workers for other occupations.Very often interested in it themselves employers experiencing a shortage of labor, including skilled in one direction or another production.

World scale

market labor force is becoming important in recent years, we can say the strategic aspects of international politics.The problem of migration, which has led to a range of international marketing, is very acute in most of Europe, and in America, too.The so-called prospects of social protection as a magnet attract all sorts of people who are not, by definition, the foreign labor force.On the one hand, there is the desire to attract highly qualified specialists in the country, on the other - the prospect of rising unemployment due to the visiting public.In this situation, labor market segmentation is presented in all its glory, linking worker, artist, and his workplace.However, studies show that the majority of Russian employers prefer performers able to work creatively and constructively, to exercise organizational and managerial qualities, for example, in Western countries, according to surveys such workers make up about 40%.