The problem of garbage.

Increasingly in modern society raises questions about the ecology.This widespread air pollution and industrial waste gases and water pollution, as well as the problem of garbage and recycling.

human waste became too much

Human activity is closely linked with the emergence of the decay products, food and industrial wastes.Some of them should be subject to the right way of handling, otherwise they may cause serious harm to the environment.In addition, during the collapse of many materials surpasses 100 years.Active pollution of the planet and the unsolved problem of waste have led to global changes - the destruction of the environment for the existence of living organisms.

Garbage and debris, especially from the big cities, is becoming more of a problem of our time.None of the developed and developing countries can not boast of an established system of recycling.To date, only 60% of the waste gets a second life by recycling where to put the remaining 40%?Incineration or landfill is not particularly appropriate, complicating the already tense situation.

What to do with waste?

problem of waste disposal concerns absolutely all types of waste, from household to chemicals.Moreover, many of them are hazardous decomposition products, which significantly complicates the processing methods.Garbage, decaying, allocates alcohols and aldehydes, which then seeps into the soil, homes and into the air.The already polluted environment suffers yet another invasion of toxic substances.And this is happening more than once a year, and every day, and in many places.

environmental problem of garbage becomes frightening scale, because every day the number of untreated waste will only increase, and no one can give a clear guidance to deal with this problem.In Italy, for example, several cities simply overwhelmed Nonrecycled waste.Garbage problem makes itself felt most acutely in cities such as Naples and Palermo.To somehow make room for itself residential natural space, residents burned garbage right on the central square.It is terrible to say, what is happening on the outskirts of these cities.Malodorous vapors swirling in the air and pollute the already terrible air.

Hazardous and non-hazardous waste should not be mixed

problem of pollution by garbage begins with the manufacturer of the goods.In the production of waste is necessary to make a passport, which must be clearly spelled out guidelines for disposal.Hazardous waste in any case must not be mixed with safe.Mixing of this kind threatens unpredictable and threatening health consequences.For example, a favorite with many energy-saving light bulbs should be disposed of according to the type of hazardous waste, t. E. In a special place for this.This kind of light bulbs contain mercury, even a small venting her face serious challenges to the security of human habitation and organisms.

Next problem moving debris to the residents and the state.Agree, not every user the same batteries or bulbs to be worried about where he will throw the waste.Trash gets mixed into containers and then in special machines.This is at best.If you suddenly disrupted organizations exporting garbage to form a very noticeable problem: the city is suffocating in their waste.Remember the picture of what is happening in the New Year holidays.Waste disposal sites are crowded, and if not for the fresh frosty air, it would be easy to suffocate from the smell of rotting food.

Where to start to solve

problem of pollution by garbage is often not a solution because of the poorly balanced system of export, or the lack of adequate space for recycling plants, as well as companies who commit such dirty work.The most effective, but at the same time-consuming process - redistribution waste for recycling or for use as fertilizer.Particularly relevant method for countries with developed industry.Some debris, according to this policy, is burned in furnaces to produce energy.In addition, recycling of waste material in such new products as a result reduces the cost of production and the state at the same time solves the problem of pollution by garbage.For example, the production of paper from waste paper requires much less energy and water.Thanks to this solution it is possible to solve not only the problem of pollution by garbage, but also rid the atmosphere of excess greenhouse gases.

Pollution of water expanses of the planet

Environmental garbage problem affects not only the land, but even the world's oceans.Plastic waste is filled with more water space.The area of ​​a landfill area larger than the United States.The greatest accumulation of debris seen from the California coast.It is the world's largest pile of household waste a mass of about 100 million tons.Garbage is floating at a depth of 10 m in a variety of forms, from toothpicks and bottle up wrecks.All the garbage that was brought over, the water forms a kind of a dump.First environmental problem in the water room has been discovered in 1997.Location - North Pacific spiral.It is associated with the accumulation of water circulation, bringing a diverse debris.According to the scientists, this landfill is the cause of death of about 100,000 birds per year.In addition, plastic, react, emit harmful substances, which then fall to the man with the caught fish.The existence of a floating dump a reminder that the garbage problem has long gone beyond the state of the world and has acquired a global character.

«Trash" Russia's problem

Unfortunately, at the present time the problem of recycling particularly affecting Russia and former Soviet republics.The approach to garbage collection is much different from European practices.Abroad it decided to disband the garbage according to the type of waste.You will inevitably be fined if the container for glass you throw metal or plastic.So much easier to produce recycled garbage.In Russia, the export of waste ends up on all sorts of waste to landfill.Huge hundreds of hectares of contaminated land becomes unsuitable for life and exude harmful odors.

We are very far from solving the problem

unclear why no steps are being taken for a more rational waste management.For once, rather soon, the world will not be enough room for all the piles of unprocessed waste.Instead, there are more products of chemical materials that themselves do not break down, and when the expansion after hundreds of years destroying the environment.Why not stop the production of polymers in the form of polyethylene banal?Previously treated as plain paper, which is well decomposed in the natural environment and does not harm nature.

«And you threw out the trash in the trash?»

Considering the problem of disposal, it should be said that from an ordinary little man depends.For the purity of the city or a country needed an established garbage, sorting and recycling rubbish.First of all, it should be production, providing almost complete processing of unsuitable materials.However, it is not necessary to litter and already polluted streets.Dispose of waste in the right place to make his small stake in and the possible environmental damage.

Picture symbol "garbage problem»

first recycling do in the UK 200 years ago.Over the last sixty years the world community began to understand the seriousness of this crisis for the planet as a whole.In order to attract public attention to this urgent topic in public places, on packages for consumer products has the character "problem of garbage."It is cyclical 3 arrows in a triangle closed clockwise.In most green, sometimes black.

The "garbage problem" coined by ecologists in the 70s of the 20th century to refer to the packaging and packaging materials that have a long term degradation of nature, and as a reflection of the need for industrial recycling.I came up with this sign in 1970 a student Gary Anderson.

Picture symbol "garbage problem" on the product can also mean that it is made of recycled trash.Then three hands, closed in the triangle, placed inside the circle.Often, such a sign can be seen in products of paper or cardboard.Some interpretations of the character have been specially created for various industrial groups and are required to be applied to the goods.