Lermontov Mikhail, whose biography is still completely unknown, marked his creativity completely new stage of development of Russian literature.In his works harmoniously combines the personal, philosophical and civic motives, which at that time could not be better meet the spiritual needs of society.Creativity Lermontov had a huge impact on the next generation of poets and writers.Many of his works have been filmed, played in the theater, displayed in the painting, and poetry became romances.
Lermontov.Brief biography: Childhood
future writer was born in October 1814.Even before the new year, the whole family returned to Moscow Tarkhany - estate grandmother in the Penza region.Misha was left without a mother, when he was not even three years.My father wanted to take his son with him, but my grandmother made a will so that everything remains only grandson if he would live with her into adulthood.
Lermontov.Brief biography: study
At age 14, Michael became a pupil of the boarding school, acting at the Moscow University.At the same time he became interested in poetry and he began to write.His first teacher in this case was the SE Rajic.Michael studied for 2 years, and the guest house was closed.In the fall of Lermontov in the same university I went to the moral-political department.To any mug Michael did not join and generally kept away from all students.In the autumn of next year, when Lermontov passed on verbal faculty, his father died.Lectures on the new department Mikhail almost did not attend the test and at the end of the year did not appear.
Lermontov.Brief biography: Move to Petersburg
In August 1832 Michael became a student of the School of the Guard cadets, which was established for young noblemen entering the Guard without any military training and education.With this event and has been linked its move to St. Petersburg.After studying at the School for 2 years, he was the primary officer rank.During this period, Michael stopped to engage in literature.
Lermontov.Brief biography: arrest and exile
In January 1837 the country shocked to hear of the death of Pushkin.In the event said Mikhail Lermontov's poem "Death of a poet."Since verse had a political character, the poet was arrested and exiled to the Caucasus.From that day on he lived only 4 years.And in that short period of Lermontov created those works, which then began to be considered the best of his poetic heritage.This is the "Novice", "Demon" and many scenic, musical, variety to translate poems, prove the boundless power of his talent.In 1839 Lermontov finished the novel "Hero of Our Time".
M. Lermontov.Brief biography: Dueling
poet dreams finally leave for military service, and surrender fully to literature, to start publishing its own magazine.But he was allowed only a short time to stay in St. Petersburg.And it was made possible by petition influential persons and EA Arsenyev, his grandmother.After a furlough so he went to his last trip to the Caucasus, and in essence - into exile.He was full of apprehension.The motive for the quarrel that led to the fatal duel, was negligible.The poet himself was almost certain that the fight will not take place.Martynov, however, to abandon it was not going to.He struck Mikhail Lermontov mortal wound during that ill-fated duel in Pyatigorsk.It happened in the summer of 1841, and the following spring the remains of the poet was sent to Tarhan, the family estate.