Soviet detectives: the stages of development of the genre

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term "Soviet detective" is not quite clear.On the one hand, this phrase is applicable to all the detectives, written by Soviet authors in the period from 20th to 80th years of the last century.On the other hand, the so-called old and beloved Soviet films valiant police.In this article we will talk about books.

Soviet detectives: particular genre

on Soviet literature written a little offensively.From various publications it seems that a certain period in the life of our country issued only "right" product, telling about the party, about the fate of a simple working class of the revolution.In fact, the Soviet authors wrote quite a lot and in a totally different genres, though in their books, you can clearly see the traces of the influence of the then regime.

Soviet detectives were born about 20 years of the last century, and the impetus for their appearance was a sharp increase in crime during the NEP.It was during this period were written books about Mishka Jap, Vaska and Sonya Whistle-gorodushnitsu.

Why do we know so little about the detective works of the time?The fact is that during the Soviet period was considered solely foreign detective genre, the pernicious and corrupting.Particularly indignant about this, Maxim Gorky, who thought such works "heap of horror, danger, murder, sexual perversion."Incidentally, almost similar description was provided in TSB (second edition).That is why the Soviet detectives long time hiding under the guise of adventure literature.None of the author did not want to admit that he actually writes detective stories, as the genre was in disgrace.

second stage of development of the Soviet detective can be considered the decade before World War II and the military actions.During this period, the basis for it began to serve a variety of spy stories, the struggle against the class enemy within the country, and, of course, all kinds of war crimes.

third stage began in 1956.At this time, finally appeared the classic Soviet detectives: crimes investigations, evidence and other attributes of the genre.In the next few years in the genre clearly identify several areas in which the authors work - it's a classic detective, police novel, fantastic, mystery, spy novel, the political and military sharp novel adventure-works.The best Soviet detectives were created by artists such as Arkady and George Weiner Andris Kolbergs Danil Koretsky, Viktor Pronin and many others.

However, despite the diversity of, works in the genre had one thing in common: a gentle attitude toward the reader.Although the books were a crime, and fighting, and killing, but did not have the naked frankness, such as Dick Chase.

Soviet detectives: a list of the best books

Here are the best book (according to the author), from the series "Soviet Detective."

1. «Era of Mercy".Arkady and Georgy Viners.

2. «extenuating circumstances."Danil Koretsky.

3. «Start Liquidation".Edward Khrutsky.

4. «anonymous customer."Sergei Vysotsky.

5. «widow in January."Andris Kolbergs.