How to make a chimney for stoves with their hands

stove for many - is not just a furnace serving for space heating, but a real relic.These devices not only have long been used for centuries, and continue to do so to this day.Although there will be modern equipment, such devices are still popular because of the wide list of benefits.Furthermore, they can be used not only as heating equipment, but also for cooking, as well as a decorative element imparting housing style.

As is well known, the operation of this device depends on the device of his chimney.This part should give serious consideration to the entire structure to function without any problems.Therefore it is necessary to consider in more detail the process of how to make his own chimney for stoves.But first it would be correct to study some technical specifications of the equipment.

Features stoves

Current models used in private homes and in buildings such as the economic type garage, capable of high quality heat with an area of ​​50-60 square meters.Over the years, small stoves has changed considerably, and today it acquired new patterns are not typical of old appliances function:

  1. Working in the slow-burning.Thanks to a special constipation, tight-fitting door mechanism, the risk disappears smoke room, and special valves allow you to control the intensity of the combustion process.
  2. system that allows to process outgoing gases.Mounted on top of the furnace it is, and its main goal - to increase productivity and reduce the temperature supplied to the pipe smoke.
  3. Interior finish of heat-resistant material through which heat is retained within the longer, and the mechanism is not overheated, which has a positive effect on its life.
  4. special insert made of heat-resistant glass, placed on the door stoves, decorates the entire structure, and allows you to monitor the operation of the device without any fear.

Types burzhuek

As has been said, equipment such as a stove, stove, over time has undergone significant changes.Devices purchased new, of course, the desired functions, and improved performance of their work.Current models can be divided into several categories, among which special attention should be paid to the following:

  1. Classical instruments of iron.They are quite compact, but at the same time serve as a long and reliable.
  2. Round army stoves.Ideal for field use, and in addition, are able to operate on different fuels - peat, wood and so forth.
  3. mechanisms operating on the principle of the gas generator.Is the most productive machines.Equipped with two cameras and gasification incinerator.The merits of such devices is very much - fuel economy, a long process of work, a long cooling and others.
  4. iron moveable wood stoves, with the hob.Their main purpose - cooking, but can be used as a heater.
  5. iron moveable wood stoves, fireplaces - elegant decorative patterns, which will be a real decoration of any interior.The main fuel for them - briquette charcoal and firewood.

Advantages burzhuek

Modern production methods make it possible to produce more and more examples of these furnaces, which have a number of advantages:

  • fast kindling (10-15 minutes), while equipment such asbrick takes about an hour;
  • high productivity (efficiency - 80%);
  • convenient size;
  • very low weight (equipment stoves there is no need of foundations);
  • stylish and modern design (innovative models are equipped with various means of decoration - openwork casting, glass inserts, etc.);
  • ease of use;
  • high level of functionality (these devices are intended not only for heating but also for cooking).

main drawback stoves burzhuek is that the models are made of steel or cast iron, prone to rapid loss of heat, which requires constant maintenance of fire within them.

Features chimney stoves

One of the most important functional parts of this mechanism is the chimney.Its arrangement should be approached with special attention, as the quality of its production will depend largely on the work of the whole mechanism.

But before we deal with how to build a proper chimney for stoves, need, of course, to study its main technical features.The basis of this part constitute two main parts: deducing and heat exchange.The first has the form of a metal pipe, which in turn can be either linked to excrete channel or have direct access to the outdoors.Log into any chimney must be equipped with a valve which may be opened only when the fire is burning stoves inside.That part of the mechanism that is responsible for the heat transfer, is placed inside the stove.

chimney stoves for having an elongated shape, called a "bag of smoke."All waste products such structures fall into this first part, and then to the pipe.Models, elongated vertically, have a more complex structure.Thus, the pipe for the chimney stoves of this type is not standard, because the whole system is bent at the knee, or a spiral type channels.

materials to build a chimney for stoves

device of this mechanism in different models little different from each other.In order to understand how to calculate the chimney for stoves and produce at the same time reliable and stable working structure need to have available the following list of building materials:

  • tube of metal, which can be cut from a single piece of his own;
  • tee having a cap with a parameter of 160 mm;
  • three butt knee (the size of one - 100x1200 mm and the other - 160x1200 mm);
  • fungus 200 mm to protect the end of the chimney from getting unwanted particles from the outside;
  • material for insulation;
  • entrance glass;
  • resin bitumen;
  • sealant to bond joints (may come standard asbestos cord).

acquiring all of the above materials, you can begin to assemble the chimney stoves by hand.

process of making a chimney

All work should take place as follows:

  1. first part of the metal tube is necessary to fix a hole in the chimney or the pipe.
  2. then need to build all the tribes of the design, and it should be done up to the ceiling.
  3. After that, the ceiling must be done neat hole.To calculate its parameters must be taken into account for the diameter of the chimney stoves, it is important that it did not exceed 16 cm.
  4. insulation material located on the site of passage of the pipe through the ceiling, be sure to delete, otherwise there is a risk of unexpected fire.
  5. -through glass to be inserted into a hole previously equipped.And then it must pass through the tube, which should be connected to the part of the system situated outside.
  6. outside chimney for stoves to be processed bituminous resin and, if necessary, wrap any material for insulation.
  7. In order to avoid contact with foreign objects in the system, the end of the pipe should be equipped with specially designed for this fungus.

It is on this principle should be collected for proper chimney stoves to the whole system works smoothly and is durable.

Installing heat exchanger

Sometimes there is an urgent need to cool the over-heated tube through which all waste products out.But in order not to lose while the heat in the furnace itself, should be equipped directly on it a special mechanism - the heat exchanger.

This device can operate in two basic modes.Each of them is different from the heat transfer process to the pipe smoke.The essence of the first is that the mechanism is connected with the cold water tank, which in turn leads to the formation of condensate inside the structure, due to which the heat exchanger is heated and water vapor.With this embodiment, the maximum temperature of the device walls of the tube will be 100 ° C.

As regards the second mode of operation, there is no condensation occurs.The heat flux going through the tube in this case is more strong.Many experts recommend: using a heat exchanger to register as Hot Water, best used compact construction with thick walls - it will greatly reduce the amount of condensate formed.

Specificity care chimney

Did chimney stoves for yourself?Now, do not forget to take into account certain features of care for this equipment.The main recommendations are as follows:

  1. It is important to regularly check the entire length of the pipe in the presence of various kinds of deformations.Any flaws such as cracks, chips and rust film will inevitably lead to the destruction of the integrity of the chimney and, consequently, reduce its service life.
  2. It is necessary to periodically (at least once a year) to clean the tube.Methods for such work can be very different: it is possible to use specially designed briquettes that during combustion emit a special gas, which can destroy the raid.Or protopit burzhujku aspen wood, which is more of a preventative measure, rather than a means to remove soot.

Additional recommendations on arrangement and operation of the chimney for stoves

Create a reliable and high quality chimney for stoves will allow the observance of the following tips from the experts:

  1. as the main material for pipes can be applied not only not only metal, but also asbestos.It is important to remember one rule: to establish the structure of the chimney is permitted only at the top of the structure, since the maximum temperature withstand them - 300 ° C.
  2. sealer for the seams must endure high heat.
  3. Any of deformed elements of the chimney can always be dismantled and replaced by a new, not looking at this whole system.
  4. Application for cleaning pipes ruff or kernel is undesirable, as these devices can damage the wall of the structure.
  5. When installing the chimney directly under the roof slope is recommended to use special protivolivnevym visor, which protects the pipe from the ingress of moisture.

Strict adherence to all of these tips will allow to design reliable and high quality system that uniquely serve a very long time and will not require any repairs.