On the question of how to write the word "say" and "tell" you can answer that both options have the right to exist, but only if these verbs are in different morphological states.
What about verbs?
To begin remember what this part of speech and what features it has.The verb refers to a landmark (independent) parts of speech, refers to the action, attitude, condition."What to do, what to do?" - Questions that are asked to him.The initial form of the verb is called the infinitive, and still - uncertain form.The verb has the inclination, the key to changing from time to time, gender, number, person.That is why there are different interpretations (including false), how to properly write in a particular case, "say" and "tell", "knitting" and "knit", "splyashet" or "splyashem" and so on. N.
If that's the mood ...
If it is a plural verb and the second person in the indicative mood (you say), it is, of course, ends in -ete .But if you intend to form a verb in the imperative 2nd person plural.h., then the word will write the ending
However, the error probably can be assumed it is in the indicative mood verb, so now we will look at effective and simple rule that allows to easily identify the spelling of the verb in this and in other forms (eg, "tell" or "Say").
It's about conjugations and personal endings.They personally called because they express one of the three existing in the grammar of Russian people - the 1st, 2nd or 3rd.For example, the verb is used in the form of 2-n.in the phrase "what you say."How do you spell the end here, tell conjugation.Verbs in Russian only two of them.
Linguists depict his Roman numeral I. This group of verbs are words that end in the infinitive not -it .This includes verbs ending in -et (enjoin), -ut (pull), -at (collect), -yt (float), -ot (grind), -yat (sow), -t (sew) and others.A token to "say" also belongs to the group of words of the first conjugation.In addition, the first category includes conjugations 2 words ending in -it : «lay", "shave".
End Personally I verbs conjugation are distributed thus:
|1||y (say), th (Staley)||-em (say, Staley)|
|2||-esh (say, stelesh)||-ete (say, spreads)|
|3||-ex (say Lays)||Ym(say), -yut (trail)|
It is usually denoted by a Roman numeral II.This category includes the words, verbs in the infinitive ending in -it : give, blame, injure others.In addition to their group of the second conjugation adjacent 11-word verbs ending in -at or -et .To make it easier to remember their rhyme:
drive, keep watching to see Yes,
breathe and hear hate,
and hurt so endure,
and depend so twirl.
personal endings of verbs conjugation II looks in this way:
|1||y (breathe), th (pray)||-im (breathe, pray)|
|2||-ish (breathing, beg)||-ite (breathe, pray)|
|3||-it (breathing, praying)||-am (breathe), -yat (pray)|
«Say" or "say" - how to find the letter?
simple algorithm in five steps helps to find out what letter it is necessary to believe in the word, about which there are doubts.
- Step One - translate the verb in the infinitive: to say.
- Step Two - select suffix: -at.
- Step three - figure out, so I end with verbs conjugation.
- Step Four - figure out whether a word to the exceptions: in this case.
- Step Five - find the table that I'm interested in the form (u h., 2nd l.) Token ends in -esh , then I write say .
We might confuse the word "hurt".If you decide that the token ends in -it, and take it to the second conjugation, we run the risk to make a mistake in writing the form of the 3rd n., Pl.h. However, the word belongs to the group of the first conjugation, and verifying the initial form of the word for it is "hurting."
Sometimes we are dealing with reflexive verbs, then you need to mentally discard postfix-Xia and return the rest to determine the transcription algorithm.For example, write the verb in the sentence: "It is easy Dis ... ll after the rain?"We will argue the case.Exclude postfix-Xia, we get the word "Disch ... t."Transferred to the infinitive "to breathe", the word ends in -at, must refer to the first conjugation, however, it is one of the word-exception, and therefore belongs to the second conjugation.According to the rule, in the form (u h., 3rd l.) To be in the end of writing the letter and : breathing.Therefore, reflexive verb in a sentence we write as follows: "It is easy to breathe after the rain."
We figured out how to write the verb "say" and "tell" if it is used in a speech in the indicative mood, as well as address some other examples.Spelling tokens that part of the speech where a vowel does not have an accent, is subject to the rule of the two verb conjugations.