Fyodor Tyutchev - poet, whose work is a precious heritage of Russian literature.His works are versatile and multifaceted, his lyrics at the same time romantic, landscape and the philosophical, psychological and love.Chronological table Tiutchev brief but informative describes the main years of the poet's life.
Chronological Table Tiutchev in the early years of life describes the childhood and youth of the poet.His very first poem, "courtesy of papa" Tiutchev wrote at the age of 15 years.Being homeschooled, Tiutchev early as 12 years in translations of Horace's odes."Epistle of Horace to Maecenas" was published in the Proceedings of the Society of Russian literature, of which at the age of fifteen was Fedor Tiutchev (photos can be seen in the article below).
Most of the poems will and autocracy were written during his student years, so when in the social circle of experienced writers and critics.
In 1828 published the famous masterpiece "I love the storm in early May," who wrote Fyodor Tyutchev.Verses of the poet imbued with metaphysics.He deftly connects the two sides of nature: the landscape and the deep, inner, psychological.
After published in "Contemporary" poems "Not that crease you, nature," "The stuffy air silence" about Tiutchev spoke of famous poets and writers of the time.His poems have a philosophical and symbolic content.Nature under the pen Fedor spiritualized and humanized, image and thought of her becoming one.The poet-philosopher keenly felt imminent turning point in his era.Creativity Tiutchev permeated anxiety and tragedy.Revolution Tiutchev never supported, but had a passionate interest in the brightest events of history.
Chronological Table Tiutchev
|November 23 (New Style December 5), 1803||born Fedor Tiutchev.Biography of the great poet began in the Orel province (now the Bryansk region)|
Tyutchevs moved to Moscow to settle in her home in Armenian Lane.The parents decided to appoint a caretaker and his son Fyodor chose poet and translator SE Rajic.Teacher instilled Fyodor Ivanovich passion for literature and poetry from an early age, and in the age of twelve Tiutchev brilliantly translated Horace
When the occupation of Moscow Napoleon family Tyutchevs temporarily moved to Yaroslavl, and then again returned to Moscow
This year is the first published work of Fyodor Tyutchev - translating "Epistles of Horace to Maecenas."In the autumn of the future great Russian poet, entered the Moscow University on the verbal department
|Autumn 1821||Fedor Tiutchev becomes a candidate of philology.At the same time he was invited to work in Europe as a supernumerary officer|
|1822||In July, Tiutchev went to Munich.In this city he lives next 22 years.In Bavaria, he was actively engaged in translating the works of such writers as Heine and Schiller.Munich Fedor Tiutchev much carried away by the German romantic poetry and philosophy, at this time of the great Russian poet finds his special, unique style|
|1823||Tiutchev met with Amalia von Lerhenfeld - illegitimate daughter of King of Prussia Frederick William III.Tiutchev passionately in love with her and tries to get her location.But while Theodore was out of town, a king's daughter married the baron, who was a colleague of the Russian poet|
|1826||In March, the young Tiutchev married Countess Botmer.She was 4 years older than Fedor, a widow, she had four young children from his first marriage.The poet lived with the Countess Botmer 12 years in this marriage were born three daughters.Salaries Fedor Tiutchev at that time was very modest, the family was in debt, almost all the time|
|1828||wrote one of the most famous Russian poem "I love the storm in early May"|
|1829||wrote a poem "SummerEvening, "" Insomnia "and" vision ", which particularly emphasized the philosophical poetry Tiutchev|
|1830||was created a masterpiece of world literature Silentium !, and" Autumn Evening "|
|1833||in Februarypoet met a 22-year-old Ernestine Denberg, sister Pfeffelya publicist.She was a real beauty, by her unable to walk and Tiutchev.Biography of the poet-philosopher has experienced a turning point.His legal wife Eleanor found out about her husband's new passion, and even wanted to commit suicide, but eventually forgave Tiutchev.This novel has been very controversial, even went so far as to Fedor moved from Munich to Turin|
|1836||occurred very significant event for the career Tiutchev.Pushkin in his journal "Contemporary" published poems Fedor|
|1838||August 28 Tiutchev wife Eleanor died.Fedor suffered a very hard death of his wife|
|1839||Fedor Tiutchev decides to marry with the passion Ernestine, despite the fact that their affair caused a scandal in society.Married Ernestine gives birth to the poet 2 sons|
|1841||poet deprived of the title of Chamberlain, he was dismissed from the civil service|
|1843||Tyutchev wrote mainly political articles, "Russia and Germany", "Russia and the Revolution"working on a piece" "Russia and the West"|
|1844||great Russian poet returned to Russia and began to take an active part in the social life of the country|
|1848||Political views Fedor very impressed the Russian emperorNicholas I. Tiutchev again awarded the title of chamberlain, and took a job at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in St. Petersburg|
Fedor falls in love with Helen Denisiev, classy lady who worked in the Smolny Institute, which trained the daughter of the poet.At the same time, continuing to love Ernestina, Tiutchev decides to live at home 2.Elena Denisiev also passionately in love with Tiutchev.She gave birth to the poet's son and daughter, who later had a tragic while life "illegitimate"
poet wrote the poem "How cheerful roar of summer storms," "Oh, how our love is murderous"
|1854||going to press first collection of poems by Fyodor Tiutchev.In addition to the "Contemporary" published 92 poems of the poet.Among them, the poem "Last Love" dedicated Denisiev.He praised the work of Leo Tolstoy Tiutchev|
|May 22, 1864|| Denisiev Elena gave birth to another son Tiutchev.Soon after, she became ill with tuberculosis and died.Tiutchev lifetime blamed himself for her death.After the death of Elena |
Denisiev Tiutchev is reunited with his wife Ernestine.Subsequent years of his life the poet dedicates political issues and is looking for a true foreign policy of Russia.
|1868||In print, a second lifetime collection of Fedor Tiutchev|
|January 1, 1873||Tiutchev went for a walk, but soon he was brought back half of his body was struck by paralysis|
|July 15, 1873||great Russian poet, died in Tsarskoye Selo|
Before the birth of daughter Anna Tiutchev was filled with the most fervent feelings for his first wife Eleanor Botmer.The charms of the Countess, few could resist.
second half of life
Chronological Table Tiutchev the second half of the poet's life is full of events.Already in 1834, the poet began an affair with a wealthy and educated sister Pfeffelya publicist.After the death of his first wife Ernestine Tyutchev enter into a valid marriage.
In 1848, the poet wrote the poem "The Sea and the cliff."In it, he describes the powerlessness of the individual in front of the elements, to nature and endless worldwide chaos.
Last muse of the poet
In 1850-1855 years Tiutchev, fell in love with a cool lady her daughters Helen Denisiev creates "Denisevsky cycle."His famous poem, "Oh, how deadly we love" is dedicated to her.The love that is praised in these poems is the only meaning of life, the only way to get a human, earthly happiness.The author calls it both bliss and despair.
November 28, 1866 the poet wrote a famous poem "Mind can not understand Russia."It fully reflects the Slavophile views that are gracefully laid out Fyodor Tyutchev.The verses describe the features of the Russian mentality, irrational behavior of the Russian people, the breadth and generosity.
January 1, 1873 Fedor went for a walk from which he was brought home unconscious.The left half of his body was paralyzed.July 15 the same year, the great Russian poet died.