The increasingly popular mobile devices, the greater the discomfort felt when scrolling most sites.That is why, since 2012, the webmaster was used solution that makes viewing resources on screens with low resolution more comfortable - adaptive layout.
Today, about five billion people in the world use mobile phones, with a third of them have smartphones.Therefore, mobile data traffic is becoming increasingly important for site owners.Probably, such a source of visitors over time will only increase.
Bots quickly reacted to this trend.Large corporations "Yandex" and Google made significant changes in its ranking algorithms sites in the search results, taking into account the availability of adaptive layout and design.Simply put, web-based resources that are optimized for mobile phones, smartphones and tablets, will have an advantage over their competitors.
definition of adaptive layout
Adaptive layout - a method of creating a skeleton web page, automatically change the location of the blocks in accordance with the screen resolution of the device on which it is viewed.That is, this approach created specific styles for a variety of permissions.This effect is achieved by writing a special CSS-faylov.Ranshe problem was solved somewhat differently.Developers had to make a lot more "gestures", creating vёrstku and design the basic version of the site and doing the same for the mobile.Depending on the device's screen on which to view Internet project with the existing mobile platform, runs the appropriate version of the site.
This approach is in many ways no longer justified, and most webmasters did not set about creating a mobile version.Now replace such an order came adaptive layout.By creating a framework site using this technology, the web-master concentrates all its efforts on creating a version of the project, and visitors can have the same level of comfort to view it as a big-screen computer and a mobile phone, smartphone or tablet.
Advantages of adaptive layout
What advantages has the adaptive layout of sites?It was noted earlier that the advantage is the correct display of all blocks of the page on any device.It is also a positive aspect of this approach in the creation of a template can be called the rate of implementation of the changes.What does it mean?
At presence at the site of the two platforms vёrstku changes made to the need to implement in the first version of the work, and then - in the mobile.If changes in the code were quite substantial, the process of making these changes could greatly delayed.When adaptive imposition work on the site is conducted in a single file.Changes made to the layout of the web page will be equally soon appear in the production version, and mobile.
The downside of this approach some webmasters called the complexity of its implementation.But with the advent of CSS 3 to create a template of adaptive layout was very simple.Not even the most experienced webmasters can make your site easy to view on a mobile device.
principles and features of adaptive layout
What principles lie at the basis of adaptive layout in web design?
- The use of "rubber" type layout.
- «Rubber" picture.
- Using media queries (media-queries).
- The need to think of mobile devices with the inception of the layout.
From these basic principles of this method of creating a template follow the following features adaptive layout:
1. Design and creation of site design, taking into account work on the entire spectrum of permits: from mobile to widescreen displays.
2. Positioning using Cascading Style Sheets technology with media queries, which appeared in CSS 3.
3. Programming on the side of both the client and server for transmission to mobile devices of smaller volume and image resolution.
important aspect, considering that created an adaptive layout - resolution matrix popular electronic devices.Such an approach in the design will make web browsing on any screen is very comfortable.But how do you know which ones should include the styles?
Where to start vёrstku adaptive layout?
Most sites are made so that on the screens of smartphones and tablets appear scroll bars that are not as convenient for surfing, and the design and layout of many Internet projects simply "float".The websites created for learning web design, contains a variety of different devices, screen resolutions, under which costs make up your site.
Adaptive layout, examples of which can be found quite often, has many advantages.What to remember in this approach to create a page layout?
began work on a template, it is important periodically to test how well the displayed content and layout of the blocks on different screens.To do this, sometimes simply change the width of the browser window.File styles gets media queries and changes the location of the blocks, making significant changes.A good tool for testing the template adaptive layout may be sites that mimic the screens of mobile devices of different models.These services will allow for detailed review and evaluate how it looks in the design displays a variety of mobile devices.
Although the technology of the adaptive layout is not so simple, its development will bear fruit very soon.