now on the roads of our country can meet a huge variety of cars.The bulk of the - of course, beautiful and new cars.But there are representatives of the Soviet and the automotive industry.This is an old, long ago became a retro car, and is dedicated to our review.So, cars of the USSR, photos and descriptions of machines.
main slogan of the domestic industry '60s in general, and in particular automobile was the slogan "Overtake throughout America."
Communist Party First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev has repeatedly said that he wants a car like the car of the American president.Moreover, the "Stalinist" government car ZIS-110 is already pretty outdated and does not meet the spirit of the age.As a result of the aspirations of Nikita Khrushchev and the entire party leadership in 1959, a new representative vehicle ZIL-111.
Like many cars in Russia and the Soviet Union, ZIL-111 was very similar to the American model Cadillac.All the best thing that could make the Soviet auto industry has been embodied in this car: power steering, automatic transmission, electronic steklopodёmniki spacious and stylish interior.Representative Soviet cars survived many modifications and enjoyed a deserved popularity among officials.
should be noted that vehicles of the USSR is not very attractive.But "The Seagull" ... Of course, this is the most stylish and beautiful representative of the Union of the car.Previously mentioned: automobiles Russia and the USSR are very similar in their design and technical solutions to the automotive industry of western products.GAZ-13 is the so-called fin-style ("Detroit baroque").Produced cars began in 1959 and production ceased more than 30 years."The Seagull" is rightfully called the domestic auto industry longevity.
As for technical performance of the car, they were on top.The powerful engine of 5.5 liters to disperse "hundreds" for 20 seconds.Ceiling rate "Seagull" was a mark of 160 km / h.Get
"Seagull" was not so easy.Especially in the first years of the release of the car "hunted" Ministers, first secretary of the party, the diplomats.Therefore, the GAZ-13 has long been unavailable ordinary Soviet citizens.Only in the late '70s cars were used in the Soviet institutions such as registry offices and executive committees.
965-968 ZAZ "Zaporozhets»
After the war, Soviet society was living the dream of so-called "people's car".And she did not come true.At the end of November 1960 the assembly line ZAZ came the legendary "Zaporozhets".The car was produced according to the plans of governments.For a sample of the future car has been decided to use the Italian Fiat 600. But it should be noted that the car did not copy the sample, and in some respects even surpassed it, the whole people received recognition for compactness, reliability and most importantly the comparative low price (about 3,000 Soviet rubles).
Specifications of the machine were quite worthy of the time and date.The car can accelerate to 90 km / h and overcome significant obstacles on the road.It should be noted that there are several generations "plows".Earlier for the shape of his body got joking nickname "hunchback", his inherited and late model cars made in the Soviet Union - ZAZ-966 and ZAZ-968.
Black and White 24th "Volga" has become a famous symbol of the Soviet era.The vehicle signed 32 years (1970-1992)."Volga" every Soviet man was associated with prosperity and well-being, and therefore is a dream.The machine immediately after graduation entered the mass market, but to buy it was very difficult.Most models were distributed to government agencies or were exported.Besides cost "Volga" in comparison with "Muscovites" and "The Cossacks" is very expensive.The vehicle was subjected to many modifications, but the most marketable and stylish option was always a sedan.
GAZ-24 was very well equipped technically.In completing the "Volga" were: power steering, four-stage gearbox, dual-chamber carburetor, curved glass.Under the hood of the car is very powerful engine (95 hp) 2.4-liter.
car was just perfect for the time.The comfort, reliability and simplicity of "Volga" made it truly a symbol of the Soviet Union.
VAZ-2101 - "Kopeck»
Now, another legend.Cars Soviet Union were different, but it is perhaps the most folk.Again, as a prototype of "penny" was taken Fiat 124. However, the Italian car was a little bit more perfect.In 1970, the assembly line of the Volga automobile plant was a first model of "Lada", which immediately gained recognition and popularity.Car at the time was revolutionary.High-quality assembly and design solutions are well combined with an affordable price.VAZ-2101 and has been popular far beyond the borders of the USSR, Cambodia, Cuba, in many other countries of the Third World to go there to this day.
curious fact.The survey, conducted by the Russian car magazine "At the wheel" VAZ-2101 "Kopeika", was voted the best domestic car of the century.
leaders of the Soviet automobile industry in the mid-70s there was talk about the all-wheel drive car, as trucks USSR could not perform all the functions assigned to them.Himself head of the Council of Ministers Kosygin has set such a task by the WHA, which the developers have managed more than "excellent".In 1977 he was released the excellent soviet VAZ-2121 "Niva".It was the world's first SUV compact class.Assembling the machine it is characterized by high quality and design solutions for all wheel drive significantly reduced the load on the transmission."Niva" has been recognized abroad, has broken a number of world records and is popular to this day.
Cars USSR and the present
USSR Model cars are very diverse.Many of them can be put on a par with foreign cars.Today there are cars modernize the Soviet Union.Photos of some of them you can see in the article as well as other sources.And many of them were made on the model of the first model.In Russia and in the world still use the products of the Soviet car industry, both as a retro-making, or just in the everyday sense.In the Soviet Union today modernized factories produced a huge number of modern cars.A striking example is the "AvtoVAZ", which is based on the foundation of the Soviet Volga Automobile Plant.Talking about cars of the Soviet Union, we should talk about quality, reliability and style.