"ZIL-4104" car with a body type "limousine" executive class, produced at the plant Likhachev in the period from 1978 to 1983.The original name of the car was "ZIL-115".
From 1983 until 1985 inclusive, it produces a model "ZIL-41045", and later, from 1986 to 2002 - "ZIL-41047".There were no significant differences in the basic model was not, except for small parts of the external design of the body.All technical parameters remain unchanged.The name change was of rather symbolic, since it was necessary to perform a scheduled task to improve the production cars.
"ZIL-4104": technical specifications
car going in the back of "limousine", mounted on a strong frame with spars closed loop.The front fenders are removable rear welded.The seven-seat cabin with three rows of seats separated by a special soundproof glass partition, and thus the vehicle interior was divided into two completely independent parts.
second row seat reclined via silent hinges and placed close to the partition wall.This frees up considerable space in the rear sector, which has been used for more free communication of passengers riding in the back seat.Since
"ZIL" - class car, the cabin is installed various devices and media entertainment.Among the equipment of the cabin was a stereo radio all-wave range, complemented by tape prefix.Sound provides six speakers mounted on the perimeter of the interior space.
All windows in the car were thicker - like "triplex", shatterproof, with toning.The windows in the doors raised and lowered electrically with detector emergency stop Stop-Drive.
All body parts were fitted manually after assembling the entire structure was painted in 9-10 layers with intermediate polishing of the next layer.When the car was painted, interior filled with hardware products: the floor was covered with carpets, velor seats Cushioning quality, door panels and covered with the same material, but different colors.The interior of the machine becomes so graceful and elegant, it appeared definition - "style of the model 4104 ZIL".The car has become an example to follow.
On model "ZIL-4104" sets petrol engine increased power.For running and speed parameters must be carefully, strongly supporting the high reputation of the machine.
motor car "ZIL-4104" has the following characteristics:
- type - petrol;
- volume - 7695 cubic / cm;
- power - 315 hp .;
- torque - 608 Nm;
- cylinders V-shaped;
- number of cylinders - 8;
- cylinder diameter - 108 mm;
- compression ratio - 9.3;
- stroke - 105 mm;
- food - carburetor K-259;
- cooling water;
- fuel - gasoline AI-95 "Extra";
- fuel consumption - 22 liters per 100 km in mixed mode.
On cars the automatic transmission gidrotransformatornogo type with a three-stage planetary gearbox.Selector lever is located between the front seats, the entire system is blocked mechanical stop, in fact, an effective brake.Unlocking happens automatically when starting off.
Chassis The front suspension machines independently without pins, double wishbone, with a bar-roll.As a cushioning device, reducing rocking, unused flexbeam 28-millimeter cross section disposed along the frame sill.
Rear suspension, long (1550 mm) semi-elliptic leaf springs with spacers between the sheets.All wheels installed telescopic oleo.
car "ZIL-4104" was equipped with ventilated disc brakes on all wheels.The front wheels 292 mm in diameter, 33 mm thick, rear - 316 mm in diameter, thickness - 32 mm.
hydraulic actuator, divided into two independent circuits, acting on all wheels simultaneously.At refusal of one branch was not felt the absence of brakes, the function is automatically compensated by a spare line.The system provides superior vacuum amplifier and two autonomous gidrovakuumnyh.Parking brake drum was built into the hub drives the rear wheels.
modifications based on "ZIL-4104" was created several versions for different purposes:
- Model 41041, car maintenance, with a shortened wheelbase.Reducing the length and weight of the machine significantly improved maneuverability and gives high dynamic properties.
- "ZIL-41042" - sanitary version for transportation of senior officials to medical institutions.The car was only available in black and is serviced by a team of three qualified doctors.Inside, there was no resuscitation equipment, only a stretcher, placed in the middle.
- Modification 41043 - car special communication, issued on the basis of 41042, station wagon.On the roof is a rotating parabolic antenna for government communications, and the body was shielded to prevent electronic interference.
- "ZIL-41044" - the front phaeton to transport the defense minister and commander of the parade on Red Square.In all there were three cars, one of which was held in reserve.
- Modification 41045 - everything remains the same, but with the body removed shiny moldings, chrome trim with wheel arches and other elements that adorn the car.This was due to the change of Secretary General of CPPS in 1983.
Automotive industry of the USSR 1955-1975 years was held in three existing plants: Gorky (GAS), Likhachev Plant (ZIL), Plant named after Stalin (VMS) that produce trucks and carsexecutive class.In general, "limousines" Soviet production were quite competitive and reliable.
Executive class cars - the list:
- "ZIS-110" - the first Soviet car class, the issue began in 1945.
- "ZIL -111" - production was established in 1958 at the plant Likhachev, belongs to the category of executive cars.
- "GAZ-12" ZIM - the first executive car plant in Nizhny Novgorod, about to hand since 1948.
- "GAZ-13" Chaika - "limousine" Gorky Automobile Plant, the issue is adjusted in 1959.
- "GAZ-14" Chaika - made by hand since 1977, is one of the best cars of representative Soviet car industry.
Currently available models for collectors of Soviet luxury cars in its range, on a scale of 1:43, which is most common in the prototyping industry.