In Soviet times, people who move from one job to another more frequently than once every ten years, called "flyers".These employees were considered frivolous and enjoyed far less respect than those who worked for decades in the same enterprise.
Since then, social and economic realities have seriously changed.Now all Russians prefer fewer long "sit" in the same place.According to statistics, over the period from 2008 to 2010 two-thirds of all workers in the country had at least once to change their job.
experts recently research center "Higher School of Economics" published a report with the telling title: "The movement of jobs in the Russian economy: in search of creative destruction."The document sets out the following data from the Federal State Statistics Service: in 2011, 7.7 million people, or more than 11% of the employed population worked at their place of work less than a year.700 thousand people performed his post less than a month.
For many people, the reason turned out to be a professional migration crisis - experts note.As a result of the financial and economic upheavals of the people have lost their previous position and were forced to seek a source of income in other areas.
However, it is not only in crisis.We are talking about changing the mentality.According to the data of the same Federal State Statistics Service, last year the average value of the length of service for the residents of Russia amounted to 8.5 years.In Germany, this figure is approximately 11 years.Only people with experience more than 15 years remain the same workplace for a long time.However, only a fifth of the "older" workers are men.
Farewell, plant, hello, "McDonald's"!
Good or bad, that people get used to frequently change jobs?If the experience of the small, the effect of these changes rather positive, - experts say."So they gain experience, accumulate human capital", - said Head of the Laboratory of Social and Labor Relations Institute of Economics Irina Soboleva.
Also, experts note that the process of "spillover" of labor resources - and even measure the development of various sectors of the economy.Workforce naturally "moves" from less dynamic industry in developing more actively."People want to get away from physically strenuous, standardized and low-paid job to a more qualified intellectual work that stimulates the development of industries that create products with higher added value," - says adviser to the Institute of Contemporary Development Nikita Maslennikov.The most "unloved" in this regard, experts have called today in agriculture, manufacturing and processing sector.Perspective also considered the scope of services and high technology.
Articles Source: trud.ru