head of state - is the highest official with the legal authority to manage and make decisions within the framework of the Constitution in a particular country, as well as the person responsible for the country's position on the world stage.The Russian president performs these functions.Accordingly, presidential decrees are the highest legal documents.
The functions of the leader of the country of any status - republic, monarchy, federation - to take part management, the economic and other solutions designed to enhance the political, social, and economic development.Officially documented decision signed by the head of state, are called "presidential decrees".The effect of these orders extend to the territory of the entire state.The main principle of these documents is the lack of contradiction to the fundamental law of the country - the Constitution.Thus, from a legal point of view of presidential decrees in order of importance follow the Constitution and federal laws.
types of decrees enacted by
leader of the state documents are of two types - normative and non-normative.Normative and legal documents are in the nature of community, that is, their action raspronyaetsya an unlimited number of persons, involves long-term and repeated use.To those, for example, is a decree that approved the provision on the Russian state awards.
In addition, there are also non-normative acts, which, simply put, are the legal nature of the individual, that is, have the address destination.For example, documents, dismissed from office, and the appointment is related to such.Such is the nature and the presidential decrees on the award, ranks, political asylum or a pardon.
Regulations Presidential Decree acquire legal force seven days after its publication in the official resources, and throughout the entire state, and at the same time.If the documents contain information of varying degrees of secrecy or are state secrets, such presidential acts are valid at the time of signature of the head of state of sight.
In addition, there are ordinances designed to eliminate the content of legal gaps in the federal legislation.In this case, the term of their execution depends on when they are developed and accepted by the relevant bills.In this case, it refers to the transformation of the decree legislative initiative in the further introduction of it into the State Duma.