During Soviet times, not all the population was fairly current government.Dissidents called people who did not support the political views of others, and the Soviet regime.They were ardent opponents of communism and poorly treated all who do somehow touched.In turn, the Soviet government could not ignore the dissidents.Soviet dissidents openly declared his political point of view.Sometimes they are united in the whole underground organizations.In turn, the authorities persecuted dissidents by law.
Soviet dissidents were strictly forbidden.Everyone who treated them, could easily send a link to, and sometimes even shoot.However, the underground dissidents lasted only until the end of the 50s.Since 1960 and up to 1980, the dissident movement had a significant advantage on the public stage.The term "political dissident" delivered the government a lot of hassle.This is not surprising, since they bring to the public the opinion is almost in the open.
In the mid-1960s that a "dissident", already knew virtually every citizen, and not only the USSR but also abroad.Dissidents distributed leaflets, secret and open letters to many companies, newspapers, and even in state courts.They also tried as far as possible to send leaflets and declare its existence to other countries of the world.
Government attitude to dissidents
So what is a "dissident", and where there was also the term?His first coined the 60s to refer to anti-government movements.Also often used the term "political dissident", but originally it was used in other countries.Eventually themselves dissidents in the Soviet Union began to call themselves.
Sometimes government fielded dissidents real gangsters involved in acts of terrorism, such as the explosion in Moscow in the 77th year.However, this was not so.As with any organization, the dissidents have had their own rules, you can say, laws.There are the main ones: "Do not use violence," "Publicity Action," "The protection of fundamental human rights and freedoms" and "Compliance with laws."
main task of the dissident movement
main objective was to inform citizens of the dissidents of the communist system that has become obsolete and replaced by standards must come from the Western world.His task they performed in various forms, but often it was the publication of literature, leaflets.Dissidents sometimes gather in groups and held demonstrations.
What is a "dissident" was already known practically all over the world, and only in the Soviet Union they were equated with terrorists.They are often not called dissidents, but simply "anti-Soviet" and "anti-Soviet elements."In fact, many dissidents that way themselves and called and often renounced the definition of "dissident".
One of the most active participants of this movement was Alexander Solzhenitsyn.The dissident was born in 1918.Solzhenitsyn was in the community of dissidents for more than one decade.He was one of the most vocal opponents of the Soviet regime and the Soviet regime.We can say, Solzhenitsyn was one of the instigators of the dissident movement.
During the Second World War, he went to the front and rose to the rank of captain.However, he became not approve of many actions of Stalin.Even during the war, he led a conversation with a friend, which harshly criticized Joseph Stalin.Do yourself a dissident in documents filed papers comparing the Stalinist regime with serfdom.According to the document the interested employees "Smersh".After this investigation began as a result of which Solzhenitsyn was arrested.He was deprived of the rank of captain, and in late 1945 he was sentenced.
Finally Solzhenitsyn spent nearly 8 years.In 1953, he was released.However, even after the conclusion he had not changed his opinion and attitude to the Soviet regime.Rather, Solzhenitsyn just made sure that dissidents in the Soviet Union, people have a hard time.
deprivation of the right to a legal publication
Solzhenitsyn published many articles and works on the theme of the Soviet regime.However, with the advent of Brezhnev, he was deprived of the right to a legal publication of their records.Later, the KGB confiscated Solzhenitsyn all his documents, which contained anti-Soviet propaganda, but even after that Solzhenitsyn was not going to stop their activities.He became active in social movements, as well as performances.Solzhenitsyn tried to convey to everyone what a "dissident".In connection with these events, the Soviet government began to perceive Solzhenitsyn as a serious enemy of the state.
After Alexander's book was released in the United States without his permission, he was expelled from the Soviet Writers Society.Against Solzhenitsyn unleashed a real information war in the Soviet Union.Anti-Soviet movement in the Soviet Union, more and more authorities do not like.Thus, in the mid-1970s to the council of the CPSU question was raised about the activities of Solzhenitsyn.After the Congress, it was decided to arrest him.Thereafter, February 12, 1974, Solzhenitsyn was arrested and deprived of his Soviet citizenship and was later expelled from the USSR in Germany.KGB officers personally took him by plane.Two days later, a decree was issued for the confiscation and destruction of all documents, articles, and any anti-Soviet materials.All the internal affairs of the Soviet Union have now been classified as "secret."