Hallmark Tula since the time of Russia were cakes, guns and samovars.This entertaining and tasty gizmos tulchane now devote considerable place in their culture.Gun museums and museums of cakes are very popular and respected guests.And the museum of samovars - is a different story, as the samovar - not just an object, but the whole history and tradition of tea drinking in Russia.Museum "Tula samovars" - one of the keepers of this art.So come to Tula and not visit it - still do not get drunk at an oasis in the desert.
Where to find
Tula samovars Museum for a fixed address in the historic center of the city - to the Mendeleyev street at number 8, not far from the Kremlin and the central square.In many cities in Russia there are such museums, but this local institution, which, by the way, not to say that shine in a big way, send their visitors on a fascinating journey to the origins of the creation of a samovar.
It opened in Tula in 1990.The museum exposition is regularly updated and refreshed.The museum "Tula samovar", together with the museums of weapons and sticks is one of the "three pillars" of the culture of the city.The origins of the museum
great assistance in the establishment of institutions had local history museum and the city of Tula samovar factory producing "Legally", the only one existing today.The entire collection of samovars is located in several rooms on two floors of the building.Do not expect a luxurious interior, here it is necessary to go over the history and the unique facts of the life of Russian people.The collection consists of about 300 exhibits.The museum "Tula samovar" Tula samovars stores samples from the XVIII century, many of them works of art.
History of samovarodelaniya
Visiting the museum is better to use the services of a guide who not only tell you about the most famous Tula families that produced samovars, but also factories for the production of these devices, and the very history of the origin of the domestic miracle device.
first samovar in the world did not appear in Russia, and probably in Rome.There's a jar of water throwing hot stone, from which water is boiled.In Asia, he invented a device for heating water and brewing tea with podduvalom.Everyone knows that the tea traditions of Asians have their roots in ancient times, it is no wonder that they are actively developing their invention.In Europe, too, were his "samovar", on whose design and worked in the Netherlands, and France.A frequent guest in the Netherlands was the Russian Tsar Peter the Great.It is thought that he brought back the idea and the prototype of the Russian samovar.The great development of the metallurgical industry in the Urals and gave rise to the fact that here began to produce the first samovars.
samovarodelaniya Home Tula Tula
first dynasty, which began at the end of the XVIII century to produce samovars became family Lisitsyns.Two brothers-craftsmen produced samovars not only for ordinary people, but also makes exclusive options for the aristocracy and the royal family.We pick up the baton for the production of the water heater family Batashevs Shemarinyh, Fomin.Products of each of these dynasties keeps the museum "Tula samovars".Tula cares for its history.It is also interesting that kept price list for samovars of the XIX century and some interesting documents from the factories, for example, requirements for employees in employment.
In every Russian home XVIII-XIX centuries was the samovar.But not only paid tribute to the Russian household appliances.Samovar purchased and commissioned and foreigners.Duly appreciated Tula quality products in Europe and America, as evidenced by medals and diplomas, which were conquered by Russian samovars at international exhibitions.Samovar factories received awards made on their products reprints medals, what is the criterion of the highest quality products, and in some way protect against counterfeiting.
Even the Soviet period are not buckled samovarodelov Tula, who quickly shifted to the new policy, and began to decorate their product logos hammer and sickle and the red star even.
After three hundred years, the samovar became a symbol of Russian folk life.A tea that under the tsars was only available aristocracy, became available to ordinary people.I passed a whole epoch.But the city of Tula, samovar museum preserved the memory of that time, and are proud of their masters.By law, most buy local souvenirs steel decorative products, which are a symbol of Russian hospitality and comfort.
not samovar single
museum "Tula samovar" is the custodian and collector of all the facts of the tea ceremony, popular varieties of tea, its preparations on the territory of Russia and the favorite "noble" drinks.In the halls of the museum are presented interiors tea rooms of the XIV century, as well as fine tea sets and pairs.
The museum items and equipment for the manufacture of samovars, used from the beginnings of its appearance, valuable specimens that are the pride of the museum - the largest and the smallest samovars.The museum "Tula samovar" will acquaint the visitors with the ancestors of modern Multivarki - marching instance, and a samovar for cooking porridge and soups, which combine several offices for simultaneous tea and food.The collection is presented, and the ancestor of samovar - sbytennyk.Of course, the creators of the museum do not forget that the samovar - a direct ancestor of modern electric kettle, and a collection of the museum contains interesting examples of the first electric kettles, as well as talk about the transformation into a modern samovar tea.
should be considered separately souvenir samples of products: here and bark and clay, glass and transparent painted porcelain, wood and sugar!
not limited to one direction of the museum "Tula samovar".Museum of Tula are known for their versatility.In the described same institution, in addition to the permanent exhibition, exhibitions that touch the very history of the tea ceremony in Tsarist Russia and the Soviet years.All about tea etiquette and table setting, popular samovars, treats and the best varieties of tea can be found in the museum.Lecture skilled guide will be a real history lesson.
Samovar sung in the works of Russian classics.As well as boots and balalaika, he became a symbol of the Russian soul to foreigners.Many masters of arts and crafts took part in the decoration of the king of Russian tea ceremony.
Which only took the form of any samovar: FICO, vase, jar, glass, egg, the most common were cubic and cylindrical.For the poor - wood, for the rich - electrical copper, cupro-nickel, brass.Hiking samovars with removable legs and impossibly giant for the whole company of soldiers - the history knows a lot of options.
Years go by, and Tula is not going to stop there, no wonder the saying goes: "Give a piece of iron Tula - he will work a miracle."Now the only active plant for the production of samovars "Stamp" produces about 1.5 million vehicles in the year souvenir.Get out of the walls of the enterprise and full-electric samovars.
Homeland Russian samovar - Tula samovars Museum - the face of the city.