More BC people tried all ways to explore the world around us.In those days, the sacrament of the construction of buildings of architectural wing in mathematical calculations, which are based on the "foundation" of the future project.It was the Greek mathematicians were able to give a boost to science.And few know that the people from this country have built all the canons of systematic education of children who later developed European scientists and philosophers.
What is it?Of course, the teachers.Greeks were the first to understand that knowledge is not enough to save - they must be passed on.The only way to develop and improve.It was the ancient Greeks introduced a system of compulsory primary education and is actively developing a system of schools across the country.Even the wayward Spartans appreciated the full potential of pedagogy and the opportunities it presents to future generations.
In this article, we consider all the intricacies of training and reveal important issue in education - who in ancient Greece called teachers?
Each pair, which eventually became a family, to have children.And with the advent of the baby to the couple has automatically placed all kinds of duties: it is the worship of tradition, and the adoption of religion, and all the religious duties inherent generation.
birth of first child was indeed a real triumph.The doors of the house where there was a nurse, decorated with olive branches and woolen threads.Baby bathe in a vat of water to which was added the olive oil and wine.
But men were not always sure of his paternity.They waited about a week to recognize your facial features in a child, and even then arranged a real holiday for all guests.
childhood education in ancient Greece was held in conjunction with the cultural traditions of a particular kind.There were, of course, and general canons for the entire people, but each family has individual and what you wish for.
Most have focused on the education of the defense of the motherland, it implicitly referred to the male half.
From childhood parents brought up their children to the wise sayings of Homer.These works were all painted and structured, in particular the rules of human behavior in society.The man had to repay the motherland, deeds were committed only to their people.
Preparing for adult life conducted separately for boys and girls for everyone to do his accent in training.
Men were required to be able to write, to read, to know a few songs of a military nature, to study the history and meaning of religious rites.Of course, a large bias was the physical training of soldiers.Tests were not easy.Young people are the real hardships experienced warrior: hunger, pain, unbearable heat, cold and so on.
After these preparatory "courses" on the altar boys drove the goddess Artemis and beaten with rods.Those who rendered it the next test, went to roam the country without any means to live, and even with a minimum of clothing.Enduring and that they were admitted to a meal with solid men and become the elite of society.
As for the beautiful half they were up to seven years under the guardianship of his wet nurse or a nanny.Then they were taught to spin, weave, to look after the economy.But educational moments from the category of "read, write" paid the minimum of time.
For example, the education of girls in Athens depended on parents and their wishes, but in Sparta, young beauties doing gymnastic exercises and fighting alongside men-warriors.
girls also taught singing and dancing, as the female role in religious ceremonies was leading.
Teaching - light
first ancient Greek schools appeared in V.BC.The content of education has been very diverse, the slope left in different sciences.
parents almost from birth determined whom to be a child, and depending on the wishes sent to one of the schools:
1. Miletus School - in priority humanitarian, philosophical and applied science.
2. Collection of the Pythagoreans - the knowledge of the properties of numbers and the theory of the unity of the world.
3. Institution Heraclitus of Ephesus - the study of the phenomena of nature and war.
4. Elea School - opened problems knowing anything.
5. Atomists - studied atoms and particles of matter.
Ancient Greece school still had in common: the search for the original human existence, open philosophies and reflections and explanations unidentified phenomenon that occurs in the environment.
It is thus conditional on the unity of the people, and the difference between minds were not huge.
And yet, who in ancient Greece called teachers?
Chances are, you think that these are the people who received special education, to continue to have some authority in this area.But this is not true.
In ancient times the turnover of "servants, teachers' contained the identification of related words.It was mainly men who turned out to be unfit for physical labor in any field of work, so cherished home.The cult of the family and life was in first place.
The duties of such a slave was to look after children up to seven years.The teacher-educator guarded his ward when leaving the house, accompanied by the school and community events.Also I put the knowledge of reading and writing at the elementary level.
All this continued until the age when children crossed the threshold of maturity and a certain wisdom.
does not exclude women in this profession.They have been the teacher of the Greek language, and basically puts them to young children.
Not only in our time, people (for example, historical research) are wondering about who in ancient Greece called teachers.
At that time the doctrine of the educational method originated as special current philosophy.Theoretical concepts promoted the great philosophers - Democritus, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle.They identified the educational process with the laws of nature and opened the family tradition through philosophical doctrines.
Democritus studying human consciousness and its functions.
Socrates established the fact that the best education - it is a dialogue with the students, as only through mutual perception of information to get good results.
longer Plato studied the problem of slavery in pedagogy.He has written two works - "The State" and "Laws".
Aristotle looked at everything through the prism of the natural world.The purpose of education in his understanding was divided into two parts: the development of intelligent and strong-willed side of the soul.
At one time, ancient Greece briefly but clearly enjoyed their own canons in the educational process.And these kinds of knowledge of child psychology applies not only in this country.
Transferring knowledge generation
Today this ancient knowledge - is what teachers operate, no matter what subject.All the same, leading to the origins of ancient Greece.
philosophical doctrines may not always be clear to the ordinary passerby, but the one who seeks to understand the world, not afraid of difficulties.
And the people who are willing and eager to work in the field of education, it is advisable to consider who in ancient Greece called teachers.It takes a lot of years, the meaning of some words changed, and as a result suffer the most valuable treasures - the children.