From 1863 to 1877 created Nekrasov "Who Lives Well in Russia".The idea, the characters, the plot in the process changed several times.Rather, the plan before the end failed to disclose: the author died in 1877.Despite this, "Who Lives Well in Russia" as a folk poem considered complete product.It was assumed that there will be 8 units, and managed to finish only 4.
characters begins with the presentation of the poem "Who Lives Well in Russia".The heroes of these - seven men from the villages: Dyryavino, Zaplatovo, Gorelovo, Neurozhayka, Znobishino, Razutovo, Neelova.They meet and start talking about who is happy and good life in Russia.Each of the men has his own opinion.One finds that the landlord is happy, the other - that the official.Happy also referred to the merchant, the priest, the minister, the noble nobleman, the king of men from the poem "Who Lives Well in Russia".Heroes began to argue, made a fire.Even before the fighting reached the stage.However, to come to an agreement they did not succeed.
cloth on the ground
Suddenly Pahom unexpectedly caught a chick.A small warbler, his mother, asked the man to let the chick free.It is suggested for this, where you can find cloth on the ground - a very useful thing, which will certainly come in handy in a long road.Thanks to the guys during the trip no shortage of food.
following events continues work "Who Lives Well in Russia".Heroes decided to find out at any cost, who lives happily and cheerfully in Russia.They went on the road.First, in the way they met a priest.The men approached him with a question about whether he lives happily.Then pop talked about his life.He believes (what men could not disagree with him), that happiness is impossible without peace, honor and wealth.Pop believes that if he did this, he would have been perfectly happy.However, he is obliged day and night, in any weather to go wherever he is told - the dying to being ill.Whenever the priest have to see human grief and suffering.He even sometimes lack the power to take the reward for your service, as people recently torn away.Once everything was completely different.Pop says generously reward his wealthy landowners for the funeral, baptism, wedding.Now, however, far from rich, and the poor have no money.Honor as a priest there, his men do not respect what he's talking a lot of folk songs.
Wanderers go to the fair
Wanderers understand that this can not be called a happy person, that the author of the work "Who Lives Well in Russia".Heroes go the way again and find themselves on the road to the village Kuzminskiy at the fair.This village is dirty, though rich.A lot of it institutions in which residents indulge in drunkenness.They spend on drink their last money.For example, the old man had no money left at the shoes for her granddaughter, as it propyl everything.All this is the work of strangers watching "Who Lives Well in Russia" (Nekrasov).
They notice and fairground fun and fight and argue that a man forced to drink: it helps to sustain the hard work and eternal deprivation.An example of this - Yakima Naga, a man from the village bosses.He worked to death, "drinking to death."Yakima believes that without drinking would be a great sadness.
pilgrims continued their journey.In the product "Who Lives Well in Russia" Nekrasov said that they want to find a happy and cheerful people, promise of free drink lucky.Therefore, all sorts of people trying to pass themselves off as such - who suffers from paralysis of a former serf, for many years for the plates to lick his master, exhausted workers, the poor.However, travelers do understand that these people can not be called happy.
Guys once heard of a man named Yermil Jilin.His story further tells Nekrasov ("Who Lives Well in Russia").Summary course, all the details of it does not.Yermil Kirin - the mayor, who was highly respected, fair and honest man.He set out to redeem once a mill.Without receipts lent him the money men, so trusted him.However, there was a peasant revolt.Yermil is now in prison.
Obolt-Obolduev Gabriel, one of the landowners, said the fate of the nobility after the abolition of serfdom.They previously owned a lot: the fortress, the village forest.Nobles could invite the holidays in a house of serfs to pray.But after the peasant reform gentleman he was no longer the full owner of the peasants.Wanderers knew how difficult life was in the days of serfdom.But they are also easy to understand that it is much harder to become nobles after the abolition of serfdom.And the man is now no better.Wanderers understood that they were not able to find a happy men.So they decided to go to women.
Life Matrona Korchagin
Peasants told that in one village lived a farmer named Matrona Timofeevna Korchagin, whom everyone called the lucky one.They found it, and Matrona told the peasants about their lives.This story continues Nekrasov "Who Lives Well in Russia".
Summary of the life history of the woman following.Her childhood was serene and happy.She was a hard-working family, non-drinker.Mother and daughter holila cherished.When grown Matrona, she became a beauty.To woo her once setter from another village, Philip Pavel.Marya told how he tried to persuade her to marry him.It was the only bright memory of this woman in her life, which was gloomy and dreary, but the husband treated her well on country standards: little beat.However, he went to the city to work.Matrona lived in the house of her father.To her bad attitude here.The only person who was kind to the peasant, was a very old grandfather Savely.He told her that the murder of control came to prison.
Soon Matrona gave birth Demushku - sweet and beautiful child.She could not leave him for a minute.However, the woman had to work in a field where she was not allowed to take the child's mother in law.Father Savely watched a toddler.He once did not notice for Demushkoy, and the child has been eaten by pigs.We came to understand the city, opened the eyes of the mother of the baby.It was a heavy blow to Matrona.
Then, five children were born to her, all the boys.Good and caring mother was Matrona.Once Fedotov, one of the children, tending sheep.One of them claimed the wolf.This was to blame for the shepherd, who should be punished by whipping.Then Marya begged to beat her instead of his son.
She also said her husband once wanted to take a soldier, even though it was against the law.Then Marya went to the city, being pregnant.Here the woman met Elena Alexandrovna, the good governor, which helped her and her husband of Marya released.
happy woman thought Marya peasants.However, after listening to her story, the men realized that it can not be called happy.Too much pain and misery have been in her life.Matrona Timofeevna she also says that the woman in Russia, especially the farmer can not be happy.It's too hard, its share.
path to the Volga hold men-strangers.There is mowing.Hard work busy people.Suddenly an amazing scene: stoop mowers, cater to the old master.It turned out that the landlord out of his mind.He can not realize that even the abolition of serfdom.Therefore, his family persuaded men to behave as if it is still valid.They were promised for this meadows.Agreed men, but they have been deceived once again.When the old master died, the heirs have not given them anything.
The story of Jacob
Repeatedly listening to strangers on the way folk songs - the hungry, the soldiers and others, as well as stories.They remember, for example, the story of Jacob, faithful lackeys.He always tried to please and appease his master, who beat and humiliated the lackey.However, this leads to the fact that Jacob loved him even more.In the master in old age could not walk.Behind him went to look Jacob, both native child.But he is not got no thanks for it.Gregory, a young guy, a nephew of James, wanted to marry a beautiful woman - girl fortress.Out of jealousy, the old master sent recruits Grisha.James from this grief hit the drunkenness, but later returned to his master, and revenge.He took him into the woods and hanged himself right in front of his master.Since that legs were paralyzed, he could not have anywhere to go.The gentleman sat all night by the corpse of Jacob.
Gregory Dobrosklonov - People patron
This and other stories make you think the men that they can not find a happy.However, they will learn about Gregory Dobrosklonova seminarians.That son of a deacon, who has seen a child suffering and hopeless life of the people.He made a choice in his early youth, he decided that he would give her strength to fight for the happiness of its people.Gregory educated and intelligent.He understands that Russia is strong and cope with all the troubles.Gregory in the future to be glorious way, a big name people's advocate, "consumption and Siberia."
Guys listen to this defender of, but they do not even understand that people will be able to make others happy.It will not happen soon.
Nekrasov's poem depicted the various layers of the population.Simple farmers are the main characters of the work.They were released the 1861 reform.But their life after the abolition of serfdom has changed slightly.The same hard work, hopeless life.After the reform, also had their own land, the peasants found themselves in an even more difficult situation.
characteristics of the hero product "Who Lives Well in Russia" may be supplemented by the fact that the author has created a remarkably authentic images of peasants.The characters they are quite accurate, although inconsistent.Not only kindness, strength of character and integrity is in the Russian people.They remained at the genetic level, servility, subservience, a willingness to obey the despot and tyrant.Coming Dobrosklonova Gregory, a new man - a symbol of that honest, noble, smart people appear among the downtrodden peasantry.Let their fate is unenviable and difficult.Thanks to them, in the consciousness of the peasant masses there, and people will finally be able to fight for happiness.It is this dream of heroes and the author of the poem.NANekrasov ("Who Lives Well in Russia", "Russian woman", "Frost, Red Nose" and other works) is considered a truly national poet, who was interested in the fate of the peasantry, its suffering and problems.The poet could not remain indifferent to the plight of his.Artwork NANekrasov "Who Lives Well in Russia" is written with such compassion for the people, that makes today empathize with his fate at the difficult time.