One of the main methods that can detect various abnormalities in the human body, is the study of blood on the total amount of sugar.In particular, it allows you to diagnose a serious disease such as diabetes.And now let's talk about how to donate blood for sugar.
In what cases can be assigned to this analysis?
doctor giving assignment to conduct such an analysis in the event that there is a suspicion of the development of diabetes, as this disease is characterized by growth and blood glucose levels.
Research appointed mandatory if:
- have complaints about constant thirst, accompanied by severe dry mouth;
- is a sharp weight loss;
- amplified urination;
- observed fatigue.
Analysis compulsorily appointed and people with overweight and high blood pressure.
If we talk specifically about how to donate blood sugar, there is nothing complicated.Whichever option blood collection is chosen (finger or Vienna), give blood in the morning on an empty stomach.
Preparations for the forthcoming study
before blood donation can not drink alcoholic beverages (this also applies to beer).Alcohol in the first few hours after entering the body is able to increase blood sugars.Later, the process is reversed.The liver is responsible for the processing of the protein into glucose, forced to cope with the effects of alcohol intoxication.That is why the blood sugar drops, and morning blood is likely to be erroneous.
Before any blood and can not eat for at least eight hours.You can only drink plain water.How to donate blood sugar and how to prepare for the analysis, you now know.It's time to get acquainted with a breakdown of the data.
Sugar Fasting: normal
morning glucose level should not exceed the limits of 3,50 ... 5,50 mmol / liter.During the day the figures may fluctuate, but generally remain in this range.
Increasing numbers ... 6.00 to 5.50 mmol / L are interpreted as preddeabeticheskoe state.In such a situation will require more research.If the conduct of the clinical analysis of blood glucose revealed that the sugar concentration was higher than 6.00 mmol / L, the diabetes is almost confirmed.
Additional tests for blood sugar
To clarify the diagnosis can be assigned to the following tests:
- holding tolerance test the body's glucose;
- test glikemirovanny hemoglobin.
glucose tolerance test
If sugar on an empty stomach (the norm you have known) was in the range of 5.70 ... 6.90 mmol / liter, then appoint additional research.
Before the test person is assigned a diet containing at least 125 grams of carbohydrates.A study also fasting.
testing goes as follows:
- held at the beginning of blood sampling from the finger;
- more necessary to take the aqueous solution of glucose (200 mL of water was dissolved 75 g);
- then blood sampling is performed every half hour.
Diabetes confirmed that when analysis showed morning sugar level equal to 7.00 mmol / liter or more, and after two hours after administration of glucose solution concentration of sugar in the blood exceeded 11.00 mmol / liter.
If the first analysis showed that the sugar content of a little less than 7.00 mmol / liter, and after two hours after ingestion of a solution of sweet he kept within the range of 8.00 ... .11,00 mmol / liter,it is diagnosed as impaired glucose tolerance.And we can talk about a hidden form of diabetes.
Determination of hemoglobin glikemirovannogo
This blood test helps to calculate the daily average blood glucose level over the past 1-3 months.Blood at the same time is taken from the veins of man.
norm is considered an indicator of up to 6%.Figures 6.0 ... 6.5% say an increased risk of developing diabetes.And at rates in excess of 6.5% confirm a diagnosis, but it is not always the cause of diabetes is the deviation.
additional reasons for the increase of blood sugar
Sugar can be upgraded not only in diabetes.Hyperglycemia may indicate the presence of the following diseases:
- pheochromocytoma, a serious disease of the endocrine system, when human blood comes high amounts of adrenaline and noradrenaline.Additional features include jumps in blood pressure, unexplained anxiety, rapid heartbeat and sweating.
- pathological conditions of the endocrine system.We are talking about hyperthyroidism and Cushing's syndrome.
- hepatitis and cirrhosis are also accompanied by high blood sugar levels.
- Any form of pancreatitis and pancreatic tumors.
Another cause of hyperglycemia may be taking certain medications, including diuretics, anti-inflammatory and oral contraceptive steroids.
Sometimes measuring blood sugar shows it too low.This condition is called hypoglycemia and is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- pale skin;
- strong feeling of hunger;
- unexplained anxiety;
- rapid heartbeat;
Monitor the amount of sugar in the blood is necessary to everyone, even if the overall health abnormalities are observed.How to donate blood sugar, what are the methods and generally accepted standards, now you know.Be healthy!