first year of life of every person - the most difficult.In addition to exploring the world around with all its sounds, smells and tastes, the child is going through certain physiological difficulties getting used to all this diversity.The task of parents - to help your child during this difficult period for him.
Test One: Learning to digest food
Due to the immaturity of the nervous system, muscle weakness, and the natural process of dysbacteriosis not only power, but the digestion of food given to children's body is not as easy as an adult.The most acute babies up to a year undergoing intestinal colic.Typically, they cause excessive gas formation in the gastro-intestinal tract.The reason may lie in the wrong mixture for feeding as well, if the mother eats foods that cause flatulence in the intestine (cabbage, apples, pears, beans, grapes, dairy products, black bread).
Help Parents: Before feeding the baby is laying on his tummy for five minutes.Try to do it more often because the baby train abdominal muscles, which favorably affects peristalsis.Effective exercise for deflating gas, during which the need to gently squeeze the legs bent at the knees to the belly of the child and let them go.Also brings relief to bathing in warm water.A very calming effect, both for mother and baby massage is when my mother lies on her back, put the baby on his chest, and stroked the baby on the back.
urgent medical attention: In some cases of colic are due to lactase deficiency, in which the milk sugar in the body is not processed and fermented in the gut.If a nursing mother strictly observes the diet, and the child will not stop clapping and does not calm down even after deflating gas, the appointment of a special diet and drug therapy should immediately consult a doctor.
Did you know that:
• According to statistics, boys suffer from colic more often than girls.
• Small body is very sensitive to weather changes, so there may be even "gripes about the weather."
Test Two: Getting rid of allergy
allergy in children is caused by exposure to various stimuli unusual body.The most common allergy in the first year of life - food, a major allergen - cow's milk protein, which is the first nursing mother should eliminate from your diet.However, the baby may act on any new product introduced during feeding.Acute allergy can cause insect bites, certain drugs (anesthetics and antibiotics), volatile substances (perfumes, aerosols), household chemicals and cosmetics, including children.
Help Parents: At the first signs of allergy, such as diarrhea, vomiting, or redness of the skin, it is recommended first of all to eliminate the cause.For example, if the redness is caused by using a new cream, you should immediately wash it off with warm water and soap, if skin irritation occur due to friction with the diaper or close Diaper - they must be removed.After contact with the allergen to the mucous should ensure that your child access to fresh air.It is also recommended to use antihistamines on prescription.
urgent medical attention: Any allergic reaction, even if it was quickly eliminated - an occasion to show the child to the doctor.It should immediately call an ambulance if the baby swollen larynx, disrupted breathing and convulsions.The reaction may develop quickly and unexpectedly, so that put off seeking help is impossible.
Did you know that:
• In Russia, about 20% of children under one year are subject to food allergies.
• With the mother's milk child is "passively" received bifidus and lactobacillus, which protect the body from infection and prevent the development of allergies early, even if there is family history.
Test Three: Keeping teeth without pain
discomfort during teething observed not every baby.However, according to statistics, the process goes painfully 2/3 children aged from 3 months to 2.5 years.This can be seen in the child's irritability, sleep disorders, inflammation of the gums, excessive salivation and even increase in body temperature.Often, a child may experience loss of appetite and digestive disorders, diarrhea.And because of the runoff accumulated during sleep mucus on the back wall of the nasopharynx, the morning can bother the baby cough.
Help Parents: Alleviate soreness kid can use to measure chilled silicone ring, preferably without filler.It solves two problems - constricts blood vessels in the gums, thereby relieving pain and stops the desire of the child to swallow everything.Also, baby suit fresh chilled fruits and vegetables (such as a piece of peeled cucumber or a banana, which the child can suck).
If there is inflammation of the gums, you can use special gels with lidocaine, which applied a thin layer (2-3 mm) on the reddened place.And with the appearance of symptoms such as fever, runny nose, indigestion, can be used for oral administration complex of vegetable origin Dantinorm Baby.It is composed of vegetable ingredients - chamomile, medicinal rhubarb, Indian Ivy - the effect of which is directed to one or other of the above symptoms.
urgent medical attention: In cases where the child's condition does not improve, he refuses to eat, breathes, and the temperature exceeded 38 degrees C and is accompanied by a cough should see a doctor, so as not to miss the chance to start a serious disease that may be hidingunder the guise of teething syndrome.
Did you know that:
• The average duration of "troubled" period due to the eruption of a tooth - about 8 days.
• Many experts believe that there is a genetic link between how and when there are teeth in the parents (especially mothers) and their children.