Russian philosophy of the 19th century is a diversity of domestic political doctrines and ideological positions.Before last century gave the world such thinkers as M.Bakunin, PYChaadayev IVKireyevsky, FMDostoevsky, ASHamsters, KSAksakov, TNGranovsky, AIHerzen, LNTolstoy, KNLeontiev, VGBelinsky, NVFedorov, as well as many other prominent theorists.
Russian philosophy of the 19th century - is a reflection of the ideological quest of scientists who belonged to two opposite trends - Westernism and Slavophilism.Proponents of the latter trend were talking about the development of the national identity of the state, cultured orthodoxy, seeing in it a huge potential for the social future of the country.The specifics of the religion, in their opinion, should allow it to become a unifying force that will help solve many of the problems of society.
natural continuation of the faith in the miraculous power of Orthodoxy became political ideas.The best option for the development of the Russian State Russian philosophers of the 19th century, belonged to Slavophilism, considered the monarchical form of government.This is not surprising, because the reason for planting of Orthodoxy in Russia was the need to strengthen the autocracy.Among the supporters of this current attitude KSAksakov, IVKireyevsky, ASHamsters.
Russian philosophy of the 19th century is also characterized by political and moral views of Westerners.Supporters of secular atheism and materialism revered works of Hegel, held democratic views and called for a radical overthrow of the existing government.The revolutionary sentiments were supported by the followers of this movement to varying degrees, but the idea of overcoming the autocracy and the development of socialism was maintained to the same extent.
Westerners became founders of Russian education, advocated the enrichment of the national culture.The development of science proponents of this line was also considered a priority.In the works of MABakunin, AIHerzen, VGBelinsky, NGChernyshevsky reveals these ideas.The vision of each artist has its own specifics, but in the writings of theorists traced similar thoughts.
Russian philosophy of the 19th century is a valuable reservoir of national history.Today, the political and social reality does not cease to demonstrate clear examples of the confrontation of concepts that originated more than half a century ago.
Knowledge of the history and development of ideas that characterized the culture in Russia in the 19th century, allows us to see in a new light the phenomenon of modern times, as the introduction of OPK in the schools.Supporters of the reform - the current followers of the Slavophiles and the opposition - Westerners of the 21st century.The difference between the situation in the past and today's Russia is that before opposing currents were clearly designed and did not mix.This phenomenon is not so clear: so for the formulation may be hiding Westernizing "Slavophile reality."For example, the "basic law" of the country Russia is proclaimed a secular state that does not prevent members of the Orthodox religion, to enjoy special privileges.