South America - a continent united the Isthmus of Panama to North America.It has many countries, such as Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil.Almost each of them has access to the sea, since the size of the continent is not too high.What is water it is washed?
starts listing the oceans washing the South America is a Pacific.It is the oldest and largest in the world, with an area of 178 million kilometers.In this area easily could accommodate all the continents at the same time.The name is associated with the traveler Fernand Magellan, who first visited the ocean in beautiful weather and was captivated by his calmness.He oval outline with the widest part at the equator.A really well it was possible to investigate only in the nineteenth century, although the first expedition to explore the coast of South America has been conducted by James Cook and Fernand Magellan.Now these issues are handled by a special international organization.
The islands of the Tuamotu ocean is often stormy, but off the coast of South America weather resistant, with a light wind.Lots of calm characterized by periodic showers.Pacific noticeable effect on life in the countries of South America.Many States are engaged in fishing in the waters, extracted clams, crabs, some regions grow edible seaweed.
Listing the ocean, washing the South America, it is worth mentioning the second Atlantic.It covers an area of 92 million square kilometers and is distinguished by the fact that unites the polar regions of the earth.In the center of the ocean passes Mid-Atlantic Ridge, along which water rises from a variety of volcanic islands.The most famous of them are Iceland.Off the coast of South America is the deepest part: Puerto Rico Trench reaches a depth of 8742 meters.In tropical blow south-easterly trade winds, and there is no cyclone off the coast of Brazil, they have green, while the remaining areas dominated by dark blue.Where the Atlantic flows into the Amazon, the water seems troubled, moreover, is a place of low salinity, because of what is not found corals, but other animals and plants thrive in abundance.During the Great Geographical Discoveries Ocean was the most important waterway in South America.
Unofficial Southern Ocean
In geography, even now there are still many controversial topics.The traditional answer to the question of what ocean is on South America, involves two names.But there is another theory.According to her the ring of water that separates the mainland from Antarctica, has the appearance of a single ocean.Despite the fact that the issue of borders remains difficult, some scholars have identified this area.The Southern Ocean covers 86 million square kilometers and its average depth is about 3 kilometers, and the lowest point is the South Sandwich Trench.Along the shores of America rather gentle slopes and at the bottom has a small ridges and hollows.The currents and sediments affect mainly in Antarctica.In South America, noted the impact of a hypothetical ocean is difficult.
Regulation mainland strongly affects the life of its residents, industry, and even the climate.Studying the seas washing the South America, this is easy to see.For example, the Caribbean Sea - a popular area for vacation and travel in the territory rich in oil.It is located in the north of South America, covering an area of 2 million square kilometers.Washes the shores of Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, Belize, the Yucatan Peninsula, Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica and Puerto Rico.There are many coral reefs.The coastline of South America is full of all sorts of bays and inlets.This area is the only answer to the question of what the sea washed by South America and is located in a tropical climate with occasional storms and precipitation from 250 to 9000 millimeters.Here, home to many fish, amphibians, and the banks can meet a variety of birds.Beautiful beaches provide a constant popularity of the Caribbean.South America is washed by the waters are popular with divers.However, ordinary travelers from Brazil, the United States and Canada also love to relax here.
Enumerating the seas washing the South America, many people forget about the currents.Meanwhile, it can be called a serious mistake, because they often determine the climate on the coast.The warmest areas of South America can be called the Atlantic regions: the Pacific Ocean is warmer.Especially highlighted the coast, lapped by the Guiana and Brazilian currents, they are most comfortable and makes the eastern part of the continent a popular destination for tourism.
Seas and oceans washing the South America, quite warm, but still the difference in the water can be extremely noticeable.In the Pacific far more cold streams, many of which are close to the mainland.For example, near Antarctica South America Falkland Current and washed over Western Winds.The latter was named as early as the Age of Discovery.West Coast also bathes the cold Peruvian current, which is why climate and fauna in Peru differ markedly from Brazil.With this arrangement, countries are quite similar.It is therefore necessary to consider not only the seas washing the South America, but also the flow.